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Inflation sends Quebec government revenue soaring as CAQ promises income tax cuts

Click to play video: 'Quebec’s finances are in stronger-than-expected shape as the province gears up for election campaign' Quebec’s finances are in stronger-than-expected shape as the province gears up for election campaign
WATCH: The pre-election report from the auditor general is in and shows Quebec’s coffers filling faster than expected. It’s good news for politicians looking at ways to win votes in the upcoming election. But as Global’s Gloria Henriquez reports, the auditor general is warning politicians not to take anything for granted. – Aug 15, 2022

While inflation may be hurting ordinary Quebecers’ pocketbooks, it’s done the opposite for a provincial government that has seen its projected deficit shrink by billions of dollars, according to a report released Monday ahead of the fall election campaign.

The government’s projected finances are “plausible” despite global economic uncertainty that threatens to darken the rosy picture, said auditor general Guylaine Leclerc, who was tasked with reviewing a pre-election financial report by Quebec’s finance minister.

Inflation, Leclerc said, “has a lot to do” with filling the government coffers, thanks to increased tax revenue from salaries and sales tax.

“At the level of the (fiscal) year 2022-23, at the accounting level, we forecast a surplus,” she told a Quebec City news conference.

Finance Minister Eric Girard’s report, also released Monday, showed that Quebec would finish the current fiscal year with an operating surplus of $1.7 billion — the government had predicted a deficit of roughly $3 billion in March’s budget. However, Quebec law states that certain payments must be made toward reducing the provincial debt; therefore, the government estimates it will finish the fiscal year with a deficit of $729 million.

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In a news conference following Leclerc’s report, Girard said Quebec’s economy has continued to outperform expectations, and he promised to cut personal income taxes if re-elected on Oct. 3. He said Quebecers have a high tax burden and pay four to five per cent more tax than other Canadians do, on average.

“What we would like to do in a second mandate would be to reduce the gap between the personal income tax burden of Quebecers versus the rest of North America or Canada,” he said.

Girard said he did not anticipate a recession, but rather a slowdown in growth, down to 1.7 per cent in 2023 from 3.4 per cent in 2022. Inflation is estimated 6.5 per cent for 2022 and 3.2 per cent the following year, he added.

Revenue from personal income tax — the state’s largest source of revenue — is expected to jump 5.2 per cent from 2021-22 to 2022-23. Revenue from consumption tax will total $27.3 billion in 2022-23, up 10.8 per cent from 2021-2022.

With Girard’s promise to cut income taxes, the Coalition Avenir Québec becomes the third party to promise substantial tax cuts if elected, following the Quebec Liberal and Conservative parties. Girard did not specify how the province would finance the tax cuts, promising only that it would be done in an “orderly and responsible” way that would not involve cutting services.

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Click to play video: 'Shrinkflation explained and how it impacts spending power' Shrinkflation explained and how it impacts spending power
Shrinkflation explained and how it impacts spending power – Aug 15, 2022

Leclerc, meanwhile, was tasked with determining whether the government’s financial forecasts, estimates and assumptions made ahead of the October provincial election were realistic. The purpose of Leclerc’s review is to ensure that political parties have accurate information on which to base their platforms and can’t claim to be surprised by an unexpected deficit or surplus after the election.

Leclerc concluded that the current government’s forecasts for this fiscal year and the next two are “plausible,” but she added that the situation could change due to high levels of uncertainty.

“Soaring inflation, the war in Ukraine and the COVID-19 pandemic are creating a lot of uncertainty, which could cause actual results to differ materially from forecasts,” Leclerc said.

Girard’s report, she said, took into account the latest statistics, laws and economic forecasts, and also included a “margin of caution,” which Girard said amounted to about $2 billion per year over the next five years to help cover the unexpected.

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Read more: Quebec premier under fire for promising another inflation cheque, if re-elected

Leclerc’s main criticism was that the government did not provide an “alternative scenario” detailing what would happen if some of the worst-case risks are realized, which “would have been useful,” she said.

Liberal finance critic Carlos Leitao acknowledged that there was “no longer a structural deficit” in Quebec thanks to a sharp increase in revenues, but he criticized the Legault government for not doing more to help taxpayers cope with the rising cost of living.

Québec solidaire legislature member Ruba Ghazal said the improvement in public finances is nothing for the government to brag about.

“If public finances are doing well, it is because life is more expensive for taxpayers,” she said.

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