The study, overseen by Dr. Stephen Freedman, is already underway at the Alberta Children’s Hospital.
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In a Tuesday news release, Freedman said very little is known about how the new coronavirus affects children or what the best treatment is for those infected with the virus, which causes COVID-19.
Researchers will collect data on 12,500 children brought to emergency departments with respiratory illness at 50 sites in 14 countries. They will follow the children for 90 days, recording travel history, exposures and symptoms, and reviewing lab tests, X-rays, treatment and outcomes.
“It seems that adults get sickest seven to 10 days after first seeing a doctor,” Freedman said. “We need to know whether that’s the same for children so that we can identify at-risk children, provide them with the most beneficial interventions at the best time to promote their recovery.”
Freedman’s study will include help from an international group of pediatric emergency medicine clinicians and researchers, and is one of 49 new COVID-19 research projects funded by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR).
Information gathered will be shared in real time with clinicians, researchers and public health agency partners throughout the world, including the Public Health Agency of Canada, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in the United States and the World Health Organization.
Study participants will include both children who test positive for SARS-CoV-2 and those who test negative.
A Tuesday news release explained that this will allow researchers to make comparisons between those infected with the new coronavirus and those with other respiratory illnesses.
Researchers will also look at long-term outcomes for those infected with SARS-CoV-2 to determine whether it leads to any chronic conditions and evaluate the impact regional policies have on the health of children.
Freedman’s team is one of four that previously received funding to accelerate the development, testing and implementation of countermeasures to mitigate the rapid spread of COVID-19 and its consequences on people and communities.