Canada’s battered oil industry is rooting for the opposition in next month’s election in energy heartland Alberta, investors said on Wednesday, but a brewing scandal involving the party’s leader could derail its hopes of an easy victory.
Alberta contains Canada’s vast oil sands, home to the world’s third-largest crude reserves. With an economy nearly the size of Ireland, the province contributes almost 15 per cent of Canada’s gross domestic product.
But billions of dollars of foreign capital have fled the sector since 2017, partly because of lack of pipeline capacity.
Alberta Premier Rachel Notley’s left-leaning New Democratic Party (NDP) came to power in a shock victory in traditionally conservative Alberta in 2015 in the midst of a global oil price collapse that slashed energy company revenues.
But critics say Notley’s government exacerbated the crisis by raising corporate taxes, launching a review of royalty rates and introducing a carbon tax at a time when firms were already struggling.
WATCH: UCP leads NDP ahead of 2019 Alberta election
Polls indicate the NDP is headed for a drubbing in the April 16 election.
The NDP trails the United Conservative Party (UCP), led by former federal cabinet minister Jason Kenney, 53 to 35 per cent in an Ipsos/Global News poll published this week.
The energy industry would likely cheer a UCP victory as the party has promised to reverse unpopular NDP policies.
The sector accounts for 30 per cent of the province’s economic activity and supports 415,000 Alberta jobs, according to the Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers (CAPP).
“A Kenney government would be very strongly welcomed by the oil industry,” said Rafi Tahmazian, a senior portfolio manager specializing in energy investing at Canoe Financial in Calgary. “(In 2015), the sector was already on its knees because of commodity prices being low and the government entered into its role really not showing recognition of that.”
Kenney promises to cut corporate income taxes, a key CAPP recommendation, scrap the carbon tax, slash red tape, and fight for new export pipelines to bring Alberta’s landlocked crude to market.
Regulatory delays have stalled new pipeline proposals for years. Last autumn the discount on Canadian heavy crude versus U.S. barrels hit record levels as production outpaced pipeline capacity, leaving crude sitting in Alberta storage tanks.
The Alberta government responded by imposing crude production cuts to shore up prices and leased 4,400 rail cars to bring more oil to market. Some companies criticized the measures as unnecessary government intervention in a free market, but others supported them.
“Our members are on their last legs,” said John Bayko, spokesman for the Canadian Association of Oilwell Drilling Contractors, who added his organization would back any party that offered a strong vision for the energy sector.
Premier Notley has become increasingly vocal in support of pipelines. Last year she fell out with Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau over delays to the Trans Mountain oil pipeline expansion project.
But industry participants recall her opposition to Enbridge Inc’s Northern Gateway project, which has since been scrapped.
Kenney casts himself as a far more forceful oil industry advocate. Appealing to some Albertans’ sense of western alienation from national politicians in Ottawa, he vows to “stand up to Justin Trudeau and those attacking Alberta.”
Kenney’s pugnacious approach has earned support from some in an energy industry that feels it lacks a champion. But it may also be the source of a growing scandal around his 2017 UCP leadership bid.
Some Canadian media outlets have reported that Kenney’s camp allegedly colluded with another candidate, Jeff Callaway, to run a “kamikaze” campaign to discredit Kenney’s main UCP leadership rival.
READ MORE: Pipeline politics to affect economy, two elections in 2019, economists say
Kenney has denied acting unethically, saying it is not unusual for competing campaign camps to communicate.
Last week, Alberta’s elections commissioner handed the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) an investigation into irregular contributions to Callaway’s campaign.
RCMP spokesman Fraser Logan said no further information could be provided unless criminal charges are brought forward.
“Any time there’s potential of a leader being under investigation during an election campaign, that’s a problem,” said Duane Bratt, a political science professor at Calgary’s Mount Royal University.
Adding to UCP woes, a star candidate, Caylan Ford, resigned on Monday after a media report claimed she posted comments echoing white supremacist rhetoric on Facebook.
WATCH: Jason Kenney responds to Caylan Ford’s resignation from UCP race
Ford said the comments were distortions and did not reflect her views, but resigned to avoid becoming “a distraction.”
Bratt said these developments offered some hope to Notley’s NDP government in the April election, but the UCP was still the clear favorite.
“A week ago, I would not have thought there was much of a path to victory for the NDP,” he said. “Now I think there’s a slim path, which is better than none.”