A final report is in from a public inquiry into what the Alberta government says is foreign funding of environmental groups who want to curtail energy development.
Forensic accountant Steve Allan, the commissioner in charge of the inquiry, says when the report is later released Albertans will gain a new understanding of how foreign funding has influenced public policy and debate.
The report is now in the hands of Energy Minister Sonya Savage, who has up to three months before she is legally obliged to release it to the public.
“I thank Mr. Allan for his hard work on this important file and look forward to reviewing the report in detail,” said a statement Friday night from Savage said in a statement Friday night confirming the ministry had received the report.
“Our government was elected on a commitment to launch a public inquiry into any possible sources of foreign funds behind the anti-Alberta energy campaign. This report represents a significant milestone.”
Critics of the 600-page report say leaked draft versions show Allan clears environmental groups of wrongdoing but tars them as “anti-Albertan” for challenging resource projects on the grounds of environmental protection.
Allan was given the assignment in 2019, but he missed his original deadline and the inquiry cost a million dollars more than the original price tag of $2.5 million.
The inquiry was given five deadline extension stretching back a year to July 30, 2020.
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Environmental groups have described the inquiry as a slanted, slipshod witch hunt with no public hearings, little evidence made public and terms of reference so elastic they were changed twice.
Kenney launched the inquiry in 2019, fulfilling a United Conservative election campaign promise. He accused Canadian environmental charities of accepting foreign funding in a co-ordinated attempt to hinder energy infrastructure and landlock Alberta’s oil to benefit U.S. Competitors.
Kenney recently said he was not surprised eco-groups are criticizing the inquiry as unfair and tilted toward a prejudged outcome.
“They don’t want the public to realize they have been receiving massive amounts of money from foreign sources to shut down the largest job-creating industry in Canada,” Kenney said on July 22.
“They don’t want the disinfectant of transparency to come down on them. That’s why they went to court. Thankfully, the Court of Queen’s Bench threw their case out.”
In May, a judge dismissed a challenge by the environmental law firm Ecojustice to quash the inquiry. The judge ruled Ecojustice failed to prove the inquiry was called to intimidate charities concerned about the environmental impact of the energy industry.
In recent days, leaked sections of Allan’s draft report show he has concluded that eco-groups have not in any way broken the law. But critics say Allan exceeded his mandate by linking any opposition to resource development as being “anti-Albertan.”
Allan, in a letter this week to Greenpeace Canada, made it clear that “anti-Alberta” is meant simply as a “a non-pejorative geographic modifier.”
University of Calgary law professor Martin Olszynski said “anti-Alberta” is not an innocent term but a broad-based slur, easily weaponized by political opponents.
He said it turns those concerned with the pace of resource development and its effect on the environment into scapegoats and depicts them as traitors to the community.
“The precedent (is) anything can become anti-Alberta, essentially anything that the premier disagrees with,” said Olszynski.
“To some extent a government has a democratic mandate, but it only goes so far. It can’t go to the point where opposition to that mandate — dissent — is branded as treason and sedition.
“That’s very authoritarian.”
The inquiry has been criticized for operating in secret: no witnesses called publicly, little to no evidence on its website and those investigated being given little time late in the game to respond. Its terms of reference have also been altered twice.
“This has been something out of ‘Alice in Wonderland,”’ said Keith Stewart, a senior energy strategist with Greenpeace Canada. “We got funding from international foundations. It was about two per cent of our revenue over a decade.
“We got a lot more money from Albertans.”
He said Greenpeace Canada has been one of the inquiry’s targets and that letters to Allan asking for information and details have been ignored.
“We don’t even get to publicly defend ourselves or even see the evidence against us. (Allan) says, `I interviewed 100 people.’ He won’t tell us who they were. How are we supposed to respond to evidence that we’re not allowed to see?”
Allan, on his website, noted that his inquiry sent out 40 invitations in mid-June for participants to respond by mid-July.
“Some participants did not accept the commissioner’s invitation until some weeks after June 18, and they were then granted access to the (inquiry) dataroom to review content,” Allan said in a statement July 21.
“The material provided to each party for review included material necessary to understand the context surrounding potential findings and contained potential findings related to them.”
Olszynski said there’s a “good chance” Allan’s final report will be challenged in court on the grounds it was procedurally flawed and reached unqualified conclusions.
“Inquiries are not courts of law, but it’s not the Wild West,” he said.
Kathleen Ganley, energy critic for the Opposition NDP, said Savage should release the report immediately upon receiving it.
“Leaked drafts of the report show the inquiry relied on misinformation found in Google searches and `research’ conducted by the UCP’s own ridiculous war room,” said Ganley.
“But despite putting their thumb on the scale with this shoddy research, the inquiry was still forced to conclude there was no wrongdoing or illegal activity.”