Mornings may not be the best time to drink coffee, according to experts

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Getting the most out of your morning coffee
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Drinking a cup of coffee in the morning may seem like the best time for an energy boost, but a new study suggests morning coffees don’t necessarily make you more productive.

According to a new report by the United States Army published in the Journal of Sleep Research, scientists have been able to developed an algorithm that can boost alertness.

“We found that by using our algorithm, which determines when and how much caffeine a subject should consume, we can improve alertness by up to 64 per cent, while consuming the same total amount of caffeine,” principal investigator and senior author Jaques Reifman said in a statement.

“Alternatively, a subject can reduce caffeine consumption by up to 65 per cent and still achieve equivalent improvements in alertness.”

READ MORE: Drinking 3 or 4 cups of coffee a day could be good for your health: study

The research

This could change the amount of coffee the average person drinks — some reports have found three to four cups a day could be beneficial. And while it isn’t available to the public — just yet — it does give researchers a good idea of how caffeine can affect performance.

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“Our algorithm is the first quantitative tool that provides automated, customized guidance for safe and effective caffeine dosing to maximize alertness at the most needed times during any sleep-loss condition,” Reifman continued.

To conduct the study, which will now be implemented for soldiers, Reifman’s team used a validated mathematical model, which basically predicted the effects of sleep loss and caffeine on psychomotor vigilance task (PVT) performance — a participant’s speed to visual stimulus.

“[We] combined it with a computationally efficient optimization algorithm to determine when and how much caffeine to consume to safely maximize alertness during sleep loss. The algorithm takes a user-provided sleep/wake schedule and maximum allowed caffeine as inputs and provides a caffeine-dosing strategy as the output,” the authors noted.

READ MORE: Drinking coffee before a workout could boost performance: experts

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Early morning sips

Previously, experts like YouTube science Channel ASAP Science team have said drinking coffee first thing in the morning was one of the worst times to consume caffeine, Time reported. Many of us have high levels of cortisol in our bodies early in the a.m. and caffeine can interfere with cortisol production.

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“The other effect of drinking coffee in the morning is well-known to habitual morning drinkers: It increases the person’s tolerance to caffeine because it replaces the natural cortisol-induced boost instead of adding to it,” Time noted. ASAP Science concluded the best time to drink coffee was between 10 a.m. and noon and between 2 and 5 p.m.

Registered dietitian Anar Allidina told Global News that research has also shown drinking coffee early in the morning can lead to feelings of being jittery or hyper. “It is believed that the combination of caffeine and high cortisol could make you feel more tired later on, when both the caffeine and the cortisol wear off,” she said.

She suggested drinking coffee two to three hours after waking up, adding the best times are between 9:30 a.m. to 11:30 and 1:30 p.m. to 5 p.m. “[This] is to take advantage of the dips in your cortisol levels when you need an additional boost.”

But she noted our sleep and hormone cycles are different.

“We are all guided by the 24-hour hormonal cycle referred to as the circadian clock. The peak production of cortisol occurs between 8 a.m. to 9.m. [under normal circumstances],” Allidina continued.
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Staying alert

Health Canada recommends no more than 400 mg of caffeine per day (three eight ounce cups of brewed coffee), she added.

“Some of us are more sensitive to caffeine than others and it’s a good idea to avoid caffeine up to six hours before bedtime to ensure we have restful sleep,” Allidina said. “Try to avoid having coffee after 3 p.m.”

READ MORE: Coffee addict? Why your daily cup of coffee may lead to a longer life

If you feel you need a boost mid-day, she suggested black tea which has less caffeine, or opt for half-caffeinated coffee at your barista.

“Remember to drink one glass of water for every cup of coffee you have to avoid dehydration. Coffee itself isn’t bad for us — it’s what we put in our coffee that matters.”

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