February 3, 2017 2:24 pm

If you want to make above-average money, B.C. may be your worst bet: CIBC

Fri, Mar 11: British Columbia is leading the way in job growth across Canada. Keith Baldrey explains how many jobs were created last month, and where they're coming from.

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B.C. is set to lead or be near the top of national job growth in 2017, if you ask the provincial government.

But that stat obscures a longer-term trend that bodes ill for the quality of employment on the West Coast, said a report from CIBC Economics this week.

 It showed that B.C. has actually led Canada in the growth of below-average wage work over the past two decades.

This chart shows an upward tick for below-average pay in B.C. over the past two decades.

CIBC Economics

The report, titled “On the Quality of Employment in Canada,” was part two of a study published in November.

The conclusion? Quality jobs in B.C. and across Canada have been steadily disappearing over the past 20 years, deputy chief economist Benjamin Tal wrote.

“Is the quality of employment in Canada in decline? We think so,” he said.

When Tal talks about “quality employment,” he means higher-paying, full-time jobs.

The first part of his note said part-time work as a share of total employment has grown since the financial crisis. Low-paid full-time jobs are also growing faster in low-paying sectors than they are in high-paying industries.

This chart shows that full-time paid employees have been growing faster in low-paying sectors than high-paying ones since 2003.

CIBC Capital Markets

Tal arrived at this conclusion by looking at indicators such as part-time vs. full-time work, self-employment vs. paid employment and the compensation of full-time jobs in over 100 industry categories.

And B.C.’s employment quality is worsening faster than anyone else’s, when you consider below-average wage work as a share of employment.

READ MORE: Canada’s best cities for full-time jobs

Tal found that the share of workers being paid below the average wage in the province grew from 48 per cent in 1997 to 60 per cent in 2015, for total growth of 12 percentage points.

The average wage in 1997 was $16.91 per hour. In 2015, it was $24.98.

B.C. doesn’t have the highest share of workers making below-average money — that’s Quebec, where 66 per cent of workers made below the average wage of $23.56 in 2015.


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But no province has seen faster growth in this area; Quebec’s below-average wage jobs have only grown about half as fast as B.C.’s have.

The most significant job growth in B.C. happened in the range of people making between 50 and 100 per cent of the average wage – so that’s workers making $12.49 to $24.98 per hour.

The next-strongest growth came in the cohort of workers making less than 50 per cent of that wage – less than $12.49 per hour.

READ MORE: Canada’s worst cities for full-time jobs

Of course, B.C. isn’t alone among provinces that have seen their share of below-average wage workers grow since 1997.

Below-average money as a share of employment is growing right across Canada.

This chart shows that below average wage jobs have grown as a share of Canadian employment over the past two decades.

CIBC World Markets

Tal’s report joins a growing body of research that paints a tough picture for Canadian employment.

Last month, TD released a report showing that full-time work has been falling as a share of employment since the 1980s.

This chart from TD Economics shows that the share of full-time employment has been declining since the 1980s, and it accelerated with the 2009 recession.

TD Economics

More recently, Desjardins released a study showing that, while Canadian employment rebounded in the last few months of 2016, much of the growth was in the service sector, and the bulk of new jobs were part-time.

Employment growth at the tail end of last year should “open the door to an ongoing uptrend in employment for the months to come,” it said.

© 2017 Global News, a division of Corus Entertainment Inc.

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