The newest addition to the Royal Family was born weighing in at seven pounds, three ounces, and is a “very healthy boy,” Prince Harry said.
While his name has not yet been revealed, 34-year-old Prince Harry told the press on Monday that he and Markle, 37, will show their son to the media in the coming days.
The baby is Queen Elizabeth’s eighth great-grandchild, and Prince Charles’ fourth grandchild. But unlike cousins Prince George, Princess Charlotte and Prince Louis, Markle and Prince Harry’s son is not a prince — yet.
What is the newborn’s royal title?
While the public waits for confirmation, the newborn has likely inherited the title of Earl of Dumbarton, passed down from his father.
On Markle and Prince Harry’s wedding day, the Queen gave Prince Harry the title. Per tradition, she also gave the couple the titles of Duke and Duchess of Sussex. When Prince William married Kate Middleton, the Queen gave them the titles of Duke and Duchess of Cambridge.
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The earl title is secondary to duke, and it’s royal protocol for the firstborn son to use one of his father’s lesser titles as a courtesy title, Hello! Canada points out. The child will also one day inherit his father’s dukedom, and will be known as the Duke of Sussex.
(Dukedom can only be inherited by a male heir, and the title of duchess cannot be inherited by daughters as it is received through marriage.)
Why isn’t the royal baby a prince?
Since Middleton and Prince William’s three children have prince and princess titles, why doesn’t Markle and Prince Harry’s son have one, too? Based on tradition, grandchildren of the monarch are princes and princesses, but great-grandchildren do not automatically assume those titles.
This traces back to 1917 when King George V issued a rule that limited who would get royal titles. He stated that “prince,” “princess” and “Royal Highness” were reserved for children of the monarch, children of the sons of a monarch, and finally, the eldest son of the eldest son of the Prince of Wales, Maclean’s reported.
So the only way the Queen’s great-grandchildren get His/Her Royal Highness (HRH) titles is if the monarch issues a Letters Patent.
The Queen issued a Letters Patent in 2012 that gave royal titles to all three of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge’s children. This means that if Markle and Prince Harry’s son was to become a prince, the 93-year-old monarch would need to issue a new Letters Patent.
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If Prince Harry and Markle have more children and they do not have HRH titles, sons will be known as Lord (their name) Windsor, while daughters will be called Lady (their name) Windsor.
Until the Duke and Duchess confirm their son’s name and title, there’s no certainty of his official role in the Royal Family.
But based on recent history, it is very likely that the Queen will grant him prince status soon.