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Plans for ‘life and death’ ICU triage decisions not finalized, Ontario health minister says

Click to play video: 'Ontario issuing stay-at-home order, declares 3rd state of emergency amid spread of COVID-19 variants' Ontario issuing stay-at-home order, declares 3rd state of emergency amid spread of COVID-19 variants
WATCH ABOVE: Ontario Premier Doug Ford announced the province's third state of emergency on Wednesday and issued a four-week stay-at-home order provincewide effective Thursday at 12:01 a.m. All non-essential retail will be closed apart from delivery and curbside pickup, and big box retailers will only be allowed to sell essential items, Ford added. – Apr 7, 2021

TORONTO — Ontario’s health minister says the province has not yet finalized the protocols to deal with who gets life-saving treatment should intensive care units get overrun with COVID-19 patients.

Christine Elliott says the province has not made any changes to indemnify doctors who may soon be put in the position of deciding who to give critical care to.

There were 501 patients with COVID-19 in ICUs across the province as of Tuesday, the highest its ever been, according to Critical Care Services Ontario.

Read more: Ontario issuing stay-at-home order, declares 3rd state of emergency amid COVID-19 pandemic

In January, hospitals received a document laying out guidelines on how to deal with critical care triage, if there aren’t enough ICU beds.

Under those guidelines, patients are ranked on their likelihood to survive a year after the onset of critical illness.

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Human rights advocates have criticized the process, saying it is inherently discriminatory, especially toward people with disabilities and seniors.

“There are some emergency protocols out there, however, we have not finalized any of that yet,” Elliott said.

“We want to make sure that we put all of our efforts right now to make sure we have that capacity.”

Read more: Ontario government expanding COVID-19 vaccines to educators in high-risk areas

At the moment, patients are being transferred from ICUs that are already over capacity to far-flung destinations across the province.

The Ontario Hospital Association said 88 ICU patient transfers were planned for this week in an effort to provide critical care to those who needs it.

The document sent to hospitals in January – titled “Adult Critical Care Clinical Emergency Standard of Care for Major Surge” – said patients will be scored by doctors on a “short-term mortality risk assessment.”

“Aim to prioritize those patients who are most likely to survive their critical illness,” the document noted.

“Patients who have a high likelihood of dying within twelve months from the onset of their episode of critical illness (based on an evaluation of their clinical presentation at the point of triage) would have a lower priority for critical care resources,” it said.

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Click to play video: 'COVID-19: Ontario declares 3rd state of emergency' COVID-19: Ontario declares 3rd state of emergency
COVID-19: Ontario declares 3rd state of emergency – Apr 7, 2021

The document listed three levels of critical care triage:

  •  Level 1 triage deprioritizes critical care resources for patients with a predicted mortality greater than 80 per cent.
  •  Level 2 triage deprioritizes critical care resources for patients with a predicted mortality (greater than) 50 per cent.
  •  At Level 3 triage, patients with predicted mortality of 30 per cent — or a 70 per cent chance of surviving beyond a year — will not receive critical care.

At this level, clinicians may abandon the short-term mortality predictions in favour of randomization, which the document noted is to be used “as a last resort” and should be conducted by an administrator, not by bedside clinicians.

The document was prepared by the province’s critical care COVID-19 command centre.

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