Prince Edward Island’s aggressive approach to curbing the community spread of COVID-19 drew praise from infectious disease experts Monday.
The province has declared a two-week “circuit-breaker” lockdown after seven new cases of the virus were reported over the weekend. Under the new measures – which took effect Monday as four new cases were announced – restaurant dining rooms, fitness facilities, bingo halls and libraries must close, organized gatherings are limited to no more than 10 people and stores must limit capacity to 50 per cent.
Though the new case numbers in P.E.I. seem low in comparison with other provinces, Dr. Allison McGeer, an infectious disease physician at Sinai Health in Toronto, said there is an advantage to acting decisively early on.
“It saves you from an ongoing outbreak,” she said. “Even though it seems like going overboard and a lot of work, if it’s done well, there are tremendous benefits.”
Susan Kirkland, a professor in the department of community health and epidemiology at Dalhousie University in Halifax, said communities don’t get a second chance for an aggressive start.
“Once COVID gets out of control, as it has in many other provinces, you can’t back up. If you take a very hard, very aggressive approach early on, you have the potential to get back to zero,” Kirkland said.
“Every other province, except those in the Atlantic region, has lost this opportunity,” she added.
Kirkland noted that COVID-19 numbers in Nova Scotia have begun to fall after that province recently announced new measures, including pop-up clinics and rapid testing.
P.E.I.’s chief medical officer of health, Dr. Heather Morrison, said the four cases announced Monday involve close contacts of cases announced on the weekend.
“The circuit-breaker measures that came into effect this morning are important in helping to break the chain of transmission and contain the spread of COVID-19 in the province,” Morrison told a briefing in Charlottetown.
“If we do not act now, it may take us longer to recover, and we will have more devastating impacts for individuals, families, communities and our Island society as a whole,” she said.
All Islanders between the ages of 20 and 29 are being asked to get tested for COVID-19, even if they have no symptoms. Morrison said there has been an increase in cases in that age group across the country, and she felt it was important to take action when she saw similar growth in cases on the Island.
As part of the new restrictions, visitors are not allowed in hospitals, long-term care or other Health PEI facilities, except under compassionate circumstances. And high schools on the Island have moved to online learning.
Provincial health officials opened a testing clinic Monday in Stratford, and the hours of operation are being extended for similar clinics in Charlottetown, Summerside and Montague due to increased demand.
There are currently 14 active cases on the Island, and there have been 84 cases in the province since the pandemic began. Nobody on the Island had died from the disease.
This report by The Canadian Press was first published Dec. 7, 2020.
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