Advertisement

Afghanistan faces possible political chaos after presidential election

Click to play video 'Afghan women vote to choose a new president' Afghan women vote to choose a new president
WATCH: Afghan women vote to choose a new president

Presidential elections are over, and Afghanistan now faces a period of uncertainty and possible political chaos. Saturday’s vote was marred by violence, Taliban threats and widespread allegations of mismanagement and abuse. It was the fourth time Afghans have gone to the polls to elect a president since 2001 when the U.S.-led coalition ousted a regressive Taliban regime.

The latest election seems unlikely to bring the peace sought by Afghans, tired of an increasingly brutal war, or an easy exit for the United States, seeking to end its longest military engagement.

The preliminary vote count won’t be known before Oct. 17 and the final tally on Nov. 7. If there is no clear winner, a second round of voting will be held.

READ MORE: Afghanistan presidential election: Polls open despite threats of violence

Story continues below advertisement

Initial estimates and observations at polling stations suggest a light turnout among 9.6 million eligible voters.

Afghanistan’s National Security Adviser Hamdullah Mohib said that those who turned up at polling stations “risked their lives to show that they want to be in control of their own future.”

THEN AND NOW

For Afghans, Saturday’s vote mirrored the deeply flawed 2014 presidential polls.

Then, like now, the leading rivals for president were Ashraf Ghani and Abdullah Abdullah; then, like now, allegations of widespread fraud and a deeply flawed and sloppy election process swirled over the voting; then, like now, violent attacks marred voting, even forcing the closure of some polls. This time roughly 468 polling centers were not opened because it wasn’t possible to secure them against Taliban attacks.

WATCH: U.S. drone strike kills 30 pine nut farm workers in Afghanistan

Click to play video 'U.S. drone strike kills 30 pine nut farm workers in Afghanistan' U.S. drone strike kills 30 pine nut farm workers in Afghanistan
U.S. drone strike kills 30 pine nut farm workers in Afghanistan

In 2014, the United States stepped in to cobble together a so-called unity government fearing the allegations of fraud could plunge the country into violence. President Ghani was induced to share power with Abdullah, who was made Chief Executive, a new post.

Story continues below advertisement

International observers say there will be no mediation this time around. Before Saturday’s polls the U.S. issued stiff warnings against fraud and even seemed to take direct aim at Ghani’s government refusing to pay more than $160 million in aid projects directly to the government saying it was too corrupt.

WHAT’S NEXT

The next step in the process is to bring the votes from across the country to the Independent Election Commission compound in the capital Kabul, where they will be counted again. The initial counting and recording was done at the site of the polling and then the ballots were transferred to district centers and finally to the capital.

READ MORE: 24 killed, 31 wounded in bombing at Afghan president’s campaign rally

In a country at war, Afghanistan’s security agencies say the exercise is a difficult and in some areas painfully slow process.

Abdullah said his biggest worry was ballot box stuffing. Controversial turnout figures could further tarnish the results.

WHAT’S AT STAKE

President Ghani steadfastly maintained the elections were necessary to give the next government legitimacy as Afghanistan’s representative to negotiate with the Taliban. During a year of talks between the United States and the insurgents, Ghani complained bitterly about being excluded from the talks. Taliban have refused to talk directly to Ghani’s government, while meeting with other prominent Afghans, saying Ghani is a U.S. puppet.

Story continues below advertisement

WATCH: Trump says Taliban shows weakness as he addresses cancellation of surprise peace talks

Click to play video 'Trump says Taliban shows weakness as he addresses cancellation of surprise peace talks' Trump says Taliban shows weakness as he addresses cancellation of surprise peace talks
Trump says Taliban shows weakness as he addresses cancellation of surprise peace talks

Just as a deal between the U.S. and Taliban seemed imminent, U.S. President Donald Trump on Sept. 7 — just weeks before presidential polls — declared the deal “dead” blaming Taliban violence.

A presidential election result that is hotly contested and overwhelmed with accusations of fraud could threaten any early attempt to restart the peace talks.

A contested vote result could also plunge Afghanistan into violence as supporters of the leading presidential contestants are heavily armed and have long-standing animosities that could erupt into violence.