While this year’s influx of asylum-seekers jumping the Canada-U.S. border has highlighted many issues with Canada’s system, the sheer number of claimants is not unprecedented, according to the Social Policy Trends publication this week from the University of Calgary.
According to data analyzed at the university’s School of Public Policy, an estimated 36,610 people will come to Canada to seek asylum by year’s end.
WATCH: Numbers entering Quebec as asylum seekers has moderated, says Minister Goodale
Spikes in 2000, 2001 & 2008
That number stands to be only the fourth highest since 2000, the first year analyzed for this publication.
That year, there were 37,845 claimants, and in 2008, there were 36,920 across the country.
The highest volume came in 2001, with a total of 44,695 asylum claimants in Canada, the majority of which made their claims in Ontario and Quebec.
READ MORE: Border services overwhelmed as Haitians continue to seek asylum in Quebec
The year with the lowest number of claims over the period analyzed was 2013 with 10,380.
“The number of claims from year to year varies widely and unexpectedly,” the report’s author wrote.
So while this year’s numbers are projected to be among the highest over the past 17 years, they are not unmatched – or even unsurpassed.
READ MORE: Haitian-born Liberal MP off to Miami over asylum seekers coming to Canada
This paper supports the federal government’s claim the country’s immigration and refugee system can handle this year’s influx.
However, as the author points out, much of the responsibility for asylum-seekers falls to provincial and municipal governments.
WATCH: Asylum seekers entering Canada triples in July
How many crossing illegally?
It’s not clear from the University of Calgary’s analysis how many claimants are illegally hopping the border – the issue receiving most attention as of late, especially in Quebec.
Up until this year, Citizenship and Immigration Canada didn’t distinguish between asylum-seekers crossing the border at “irregular” points of entry from those arriving by land.
Rather, those people the RCMP intercepted – anyone entering Canada between established and guarded border points – were included in the overall number of asylum-seekers who arrived by land.
READ MORE: Increase of asylum claims in Canada means wait times could hit over 11 years, cost $2.97B
In July, the RCMP intercepted more than 3,100 people walking across the Canada-U.S. border, up from 884 in June, according to government’s records.
In the first 15 days of August, though, an additional 3,800 were arrested crossing the border into Quebec, the RCMP said recently.
The influx has meant the Immigration and Refugee Board, which is responsible for hearing all asylum claims, had to redeploy resources, and the federal government erected a tent city to help house the newcomers.
WATCH: Refugee claimants in Quebec are being properly screened: Marc Garneau
But how these numbers compare to those of years past remains a mystery.
Global News recently asked the government to provide annual breakdowns of RCMP interceptions at unguarded border points but were told those numbers were unavailable.
“Previously, different criteria had been employed during the course of capturing the statistics. As a result, the numbers cannot be compared and the RCMP will not be providing historical data,” a spokesperson for the federal police agency wrote in an email.