Vancouver, Toronto and Calgary are in the top five liveable cities in the world, according to the annual The Global Liveability Report.
The report, produced by the Economist Intelligence Unit, looked at the top 140 cities in the world ranked based on stability, health care, culture and environment, education and infrastructure.
The top city for the seventh year in a row is Melbourne, Australia, followed by Vienna, Austria.
Then comes Vancouver and Toronto, in that order. Calgary is tied with Adelaide, Australia, for the fifth spot in the list.
WATCH: Global News speaks with John Copestake from The Economist Intelligence Unit about Vancouver ranking the world’s third most livable city in 2013.
The top five cities all remain in the same ranking as last year — and the year before that.
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The report notes that a decade of declines in the ease of living has now stabilized, although a number of cities have suffered from the “spreading perceived threat of terrorism.”
“Conflict is responsible for many of the lowest scores,” the report states. “This is not only because stability indicators have the highest single scores but also because factors defining stability spread to have an adverse effect on other categories.”
The five most improved cities over the past five years are Tehran, Dubai, Abidjan, Harare and Colombo — although all remain in the lower half of the 140 cities included.
The biggest decliners are Kiev, Damascus, Tripoli, Detroit and Moscow.
10 most livable cities:
- Melbourne, Australia
- Vienna, Austria
- Vancouver, Canada
- Toronto, Canada
- Calgary, Canada
- Adelaide, Australa
- Perth, Australia
- Auckland, New Zealand
- Helsinki, Finland
- Hamburg, Germany
10 least livable cities:
- Kiew, Ukraine
- Douala, Cameroon
- Harare, Zimbabwe
- Karachi, Pakistan
- Algiers, Algeria
- Port Moresby, PNG
- Dhaka, Bangladesh
- Tripoli, Libya
- Lagos, Nigeria
- Damascus, Syria