On Sunday, Canadians turned their clocks forward one hour to mark the start of Daylight Saving Time. Springing forward marks a shift into the spring and summer seasons, but how does losing just a single hour of sleep tamper with our internal clocks?
Global News looks at four ways Daylight Saving Time can affect your health and internal clock.
Your appetite falls out of sync: If you aren’t sleeping well, your metabolism takes a hit, along with your eating routine. You could be encountering more cravings for junk food or even a loss of appetite.
Dr. Colleen Carney, a Ryerson University professor and sleep specialist, says that sleep is just as valuable as a healthy diet, drinking less and exercising more.
It’s a bit of a vicious cycle – sleep regulates our appetites because it balances out hormones.
“An hour is enough to feel the effects. Think of it this way, what if you ate at 6 p.m. most nights but then you crossed over into a different time zone at 6 p.m. and had to wait an extra hour to eat when you are already hungry? You would feel the effect of just this one hour,” Carney told Global News.
“We have clocks all over our body, including our stomach and we have rhythmicity to things like eating, alertness and sleeping. The spring is particularly tough because we are a sleep-deprived nation and losing an hour of sleep will compound an already difficult situation for some,” she said.
Your heart health takes a hit: New research out earlier this month warned that losing an hour of sleep increases your stroke risk for the following two days, especially for seniors and those with cancer.
Finnish doctors out of the University of Turku suggest the rate of ischemic stroke – caused by a clot blocking blood flow to the brain – is eight per cent higher during the first two days after a DST transition. After that, the disparity tapers out.
“Stroke risk is higher in the morning hours and we know from previous studies that DST changes slightly shifts the timing pattern of stroke onset,” the researchers said.
Other findings point to a seven per cent increase in heart attacks in the first three days after DST.
“The loss of one hour’s sleep associated with the spring shift to daylight savings time increased the risk of accidents,” one study, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, concluded.
This study reported an eight per cent increase in traffic accidents.
A University of Colorado study pointed to a 17 per cent spike in traffic-related deaths on the Monday after DST.
You’re less productive at work: In 2012, scientists at Penn State, Virginia Tech and Singapore University warned employers that sleepy employees will be less hard working and will likely turn to the Internet to kill time post-DST.
After analyzing six years of data from Google, the researchers say that web searches linked to entertainment increased by 3.1 per cent the workday after clocks jumped ahead. Words like “YouTube,” “Facebook” and “ESPN” spiked in the online giant’s search records.
The time change is linked to about 8.4 minutes – or 20 per cent of the assigned task time – of “cyberloafing” every hour.
Eight minutes is small in the grand scheme of things, but the study reminds readers that about one third of the world practices Daylight Saving Time. In total, that’s a lot of company time.