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Where did 10-thousand barrels of stolen maple syrup go?

WATCH ABOVE: A preview for 16×9’s “The Sweetest Heist.”

Quebec’s great maple syrup heist of 2012 revealed more than just the inner workings of an alleged sophisticated criminal network; it showed there was an appetite for millions of dollars worth of contraband syrup.

According to police documents, most of the stolen syrup found its way on to the black market. That black market is fueled by producers and buyers who are enraged at how the industry is regulated in Quebec.

The Federation of Quebec Maple Syrup Producers (FPAQ) is an organization that, by law, strictly controls all maple syrup sold wholesale in Quebec. When a producer sells through the Federation they are paid 75 per cent of the value of that syrup up front, with the remainder coming in installments. That remaining payment is based on how much of the communal provincial crop is sold. Sometimes being paid in full can take years.

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The Federation also sets quotas on the amount of maple syrup produced each year. Every producer is given an allotment. The goal is to keep the price and the amount of maple syrup, stable.

READ MORE: How did $18M worth of maple syrup go missing from a warehouse in Quebec?

However, marketing experts describe the Federation as a legal cartel, that has created the perfect conditions for a thriving black market. Etienne St-Pierre is a maple syrup buyer who lives an hour across the Quebec border in Kedgwick, New Brunswick. He estimates 40 producers from Quebec sell to him in defiance of the Federation’s rules.

Etienne St-Pierre advertises he will buy syrup and pay in full within 30 days. ESP

READ MORE: A timeline of events leading up to one of the largest thefts in Quebec history

The Federation has been pursuing St-Pierre for years. It’s sent undercover agents to try to prove he’s buying Quebec syrup and has tried to bring him in front of its agricultural tribunal. St-Pierre says the Federation is reaching beyond its jurisdiction, “They want to take control of all of Canada for the maple syrup”.

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Etienne St-Pierre shows 16×9 his warehouse in Kedgwick, New Brunswick. 16x9

The black market of maple syrup extends into the United States. Colin Christie is an independent maple syrup buyer in Vermont who says it doesn’t make economic sense for producers to turn off their taps once they’ve reached their quota.

WATCH BELOW: An extended interview with Colin Christie

While the Federation claims the black market makes up no more than 8 per cent of the maple syrup industry producers 16×9 spoke with estimate over 90 per cent of producers sell outside their quota.

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If it’s any gauge of the friction within the industry, the tribunal which governs agricultural matters in Quebec had more demands for maple syrup investigations last year than all of the other agricultural sectors combined.

16×9’s “The Sweetest Heist” airs this Saturday at 7 p.m.