‘Tragic battle’ looms as COVID spreads in China, Shanghai hospital warns

Click to play video: 'WHO is ‘very concerned’ about China’s COVID-19 surge, vaccination rates'
WHO is ‘very concerned’ about China’s COVID-19 surge, vaccination rates
The World Health Organization (WHO) is “very concerned” about a spike in COVID-19 infections in China and is supporting the government to focus its efforts on vaccinating people at the highest risk across the country, the head of the UN agency said at a news conference on Wednesday. WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus and WHO Emergencies Director Mike Ryan both highlighted the need for more detailed information and increased vaccination rates to battle the latest surge of infections – Dec 21, 2022

A Shanghai hospital has told its staff to prepare for a “tragic battle” with COVID-19 as it expects half of the city’s 25 million people will get infected by the end of next week, while the virus sweeps through China largely unchecked.

After widespread protests against strict mitigation measures, China this month began dismantling its “zero-COVID” regime, which had taken a great financial and psychological toll on its 1.4 billion people.

China’s official death count since the pandemic began three years ago stands at 5,241 – a fraction of what most other countries faced – but now looks bound to rise sharply.

China reported no new COVID deaths for a second consecutive day for Wednesday, even as funeral parlor workers say demand for their services has increased sharply over the past week.

Authorities – who have narrowed the criteria for COVID deaths, prompting criticism from many disease experts – confirmed 389,306 cases with symptoms.

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Some experts say official case figures have become an unreliable guide as less testing is being done following the easing of restrictions.

Infections in China are likely to be more than a million a day with deaths at more than 5,000 a day, a “stark contrast” from official data, British-based health data firm Airfinity said this week.

Read more: Can health care withstand a new COVID-19 variant? WHO fearful as China sees cases soar

Airfinity said it examined data from China’s regional provinces, noting that cases are rising quicker in capital Beijing and southern province Guangdong.

The Shanghai Deji Hospital, posting on its WeChat account late on Wednesday, estimated there were about 5.43 million positives in the city and that 12.5 million in China’s main commercial hub will get infected by the end of the year.

“This year’s Christmas Eve, New Year’s Day, and the Lunar New Year are destined to be unsafe,” said the private hospital, which employs some 400 staff.

“In this tragic battle, the entire Greater Shanghai will fall, and we will infect all the staff of the hospital! We will infect the whole family! Our patients will all be infected! We have no choice, and we cannot escape.”

The post was no longer available on WeChat by Thursday afternoon. A person who answered the hospital’s main telephone line said they could not immediately comment on the article.

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Shanghai residents endured a two-month lockdown that ended on June 1, with many losing income and struggling to find basic necessities. Hundreds died and hundreds of thousands were infected during those two months.

On Thursday, many areas of Shanghai were almost as deserted as back then, with many residents isolating themselves and businesses forced to shut as staff fell ill.

“All our employees are sick,” said a supermarket worker surnamed Wang as he was shutting the doors. He said he hoped to re-open on Dec. 30.

Despite the new infections, the last vestiges of the “COVID Zero” policy are being scrapped. China plans to cut quarantine requirements for overseas travelers in January, Bloomberg News reported, citing people familiar with the matter.

Experts say China could face more than a million COVID deaths next year, given relatively low full vaccination rates among its vulnerable elderly population.

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China’s vaccination rate is over 90% but the rate for adults who have received booster shots drops to 57.9 per cent, and to 42.3 per cent for people aged 80 and above, government data shows.

Click to play video: 'COVID-19: China races to vaccinate elderly as funeral homes struggle with deaths'
COVID-19: China races to vaccinate elderly as funeral homes struggle with deaths

Footage from a Beijing hospital on CCTV state television showed rows of elderly patients in the intensive care unit breathing through oxygen masks. It was not clear how many of them had COVID.

The deputy director of the hospital’s emergency department, Han Xue, told CCTV they were receiving 400 patients a day, four times more than usual.

“These patients are all elderly people who have underlying diseases, fever and respiratory infection, and they are in a very serious condition,” Han said.

The head of the World Health Organization said it was concerned about the spike in infections and was supporting the government to focus on vaccinating those at the highest risk.

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WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus told reporters the agency needed more detailed information on disease severity, hospital admissions and requirements for intensive care units for a comprehensive assessment.


China’s policy U-turn caught a fragile health system unprepared, with hospitals scrambling for beds and blood, pharmacies for drugs and authorities racing to build clinics.

Smaller cities away from the affluent coastal belt are particularly vulnerable. Tongchuan, a city of 700,000 in the northwestern province of Shaanxi, called on Wednesday for all medical workers who retired in the past five years to join the battle against COVID.

State media said local governments were trying to tackle drug shortages, while pharmaceutical companies were working over-time to boost supplies.

Read more: More than 5K die daily in China due to COVID-19, U.K. health firm estimates

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Germany said it has sent its first batch of BioNTech COVID vaccines to China to be administered initially to German expatriates. Berlin is pushing for other foreign nationals to be allowed to take them.

BioNTech said on Thursday it had shipped 11,500 doses of the vaccine to China.

These would be the first mRNA vaccines, seen as most efficient against the disease, available in China.

The German embassy in Beijing has asked its nationals to register to get the vaccine, which should soon be available at its diplomatic missions. China’s foreign ministry said both sides were discussing how to arrange distribution of the vaccine to Germans.

China has nine domestically developed COVID vaccines approved for use.

How accurate are China's COVID-19 death numbers?

China’s narrow criteria for identifying deaths caused by COVID-19 will underestimate the true toll of the pandemic’s current wave there and could make it harder to communicate the best ways for people to protect themselves, foreign health experts warn.

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Only deaths caused by pneumonia and respiratory failure after contracting COVID will be classified as having been caused by the coronavirus, a leading Chinese medical expert said on Tuesday.

Deaths from complications at other sites in the body, including underlying conditions made worse by the virus, would be excluded from the official toll, said Wang Guiqiang, head of the infectious disease department at Peking University First Hospital.

Click to play video: 'Shanghai, Beijing residents unsure about China’s COVID reopening measures'
Shanghai, Beijing residents unsure about China’s COVID reopening measures

Experts familiar with hospital protocols in China told Reuters that such cases were not always excluded previously, though sometimes COVID would be ruled out as a cause of death if a formerly positive patient had tested negative a day or two before dying.

Wang said the criteria had changed because the Omicron variant is less likely to cause other life-threatening symptoms, though China’s hospitals are still required to judge each case to ascertain precisely whether or not COVID was the ultimate cause.

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The methods for counting COVID deaths have varied across countries in the nearly three years since the pandemic began.

Yet disease experts outside of China say this specific approach would miss several other widely recognized types of potentially fatal COVID complications, from blood clots to heart attacks as well as sepsis and kidney failure.

Read more: China brings COVID-19 vaccination drive to villages as infections surge

Some of these complications can increase the chances of death at home, particularly for people who are not aware that they should seek care for these symptoms.

The new definition “clearly won’t capture all deaths from COVID,” said Dr. Aaron Glatt, an infectious diseases expert at Mount Sinai South Nassau Hospital in New York and a spokesperson for the Infectious Diseases Society of America. “To say you’re going to ignore anything else going on in the body makes no sense and is scientifically inaccurate.”

Last month, Korean researchers reported that 33 per cent of Omicron-related deaths between July 2021 and March 2022 at one large hospital were due to causes other than pneumonia.

(Reporting by Bernard Orr, Martin Pollard and Ella Cao in Beijing, Zoey Zhang and Casey Hall in Shanghai; Writing by Marius Zaharia and Ben Blanchard; Editing by Lincoln Feast, Jacqueline Wong and Toby Chopra)


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