This is Part 2 in our Alberta Matters series on alcohol. Click here to read Part 1 on craft beer marketing and tourism, and Part 3 on inter-provincial trade barriers hampering the growth of craft distilleries, Part 4 on the cider industry, and Part 5 on the passion distillers have for making local spirits.
Alberta’s craft brewing and distilling industries have been experiencing a boom at a time when the province’s economy hasn’t performed as well.
According to Alberta Gaming, Liquor and Cannabis, the number of breweries in the province has shot up to 123 from 27 between October 2015 and January 2020, a more than four-fold increase.
The number of distillers in the province has gone up by more than five times over what it was four years ago, from seven to 39 in the same time period.
“There’s still room,” Jordan Saracini, co-founder of Eighty-Eight Brewing, told Global News. “It’s still a growing industry.
“I don’t think that saturation is something that we need to worry about now or even in the next couple of years.”
Saracini pointed to the craft brewing industry in and around Portland, Ore.
According to the Oregon Brewers Guild, the state had 281 breweries in June 2018. At 4.2 million, Oregon’s population is similar in size to Alberta’s 4.4 million.
According to Statistics Canada, Canada’s brewers made up a $6.3-billion industry in 2018, while distilling across the country has become a $1.3-billion industry.
And according to an October 2019 report from IBISWorld, Alberta had just more than 10 per cent of breweries in the country, behind Ontario, B.C. and Quebec.
“We estimate that Alberta beer employs over 3,000 Albertans directly,” Mike McNeil, the executive director of the Alberta Small Brewers Association, told Global News.
Alberta breweries generated $316 million in GDP (at basic prices in chained 2002 dollars) in 2018, a seven per cent dip, following steady increases from 2015 to 2017. Alberta wineries and distilleries produced $59 million in GDP in 2018.
“The next phase of growth is going to start hitting the industry soon,” McNeil said.
“Where we had so many breweries start up, now they’re going to start to grow, so there’s going to… [be] some challenges with cash flow.”
IBISWorld’s report said the three largest breweries in Canada, including AB InBev and Molson Coors, are expected to generate more than half of the country’s industry revenue in 2019.
A decade of foreign investment has led to consolidation of the industry, concentrating market share and improving profits through economies of scale in production and marketing, the IBISWorld report read.
LISTEN: Mike McNeil joins Calgary Today to discuss the state of craft brewing in Alberta
According to McNeil, interprovincial trade restrictions on alcohol have limited the ability of Alberta breweries to sell their products past provincial borders.
“The biggest thing, I think, is we want to see our breweries be able to sell their beer outside of the province,” McNeil said.
More Albertans have been turning to domestic beer offerings, including craft beers.
According to Beer Canada, an industry association, more Albertans moved to domestic beers between 2017 and 2018, with import sales dropping by 12.7 per cent.
Almost nine out of 10 beers sold — 87.1 per cent — were domestic in 2018, but per capita consumption dropped by 2.7 per cent in the same time period in the province.
AGLC told Global News that, as of Jan. 23, 2020, 4,391 Alberta-made beer products and 713 Alberta-made spirits products were on shelves in the province.
“There’s so much going on and everyone’s doing such a wonderful job that it’s easy to sell the beer here.”
–With files from Global News’ Jessica Robb and Adam MacVicar