December 17, 2013 2:05 pm
Updated: December 18, 2013 2:13 pm

5 game changing world news events of 2013

In this Aug. 28, 2013 citizen journalism file image provided by the United Media office of Arbeen, which has been authenticated based on its contents and other AP reporting, members of a chemical weapons investigation team take samples from sand near a part of a missile that is likely to be one of the chemical rockets, according to activists, in the Damascus countryside of Ain Terma, Syria.

AP Photo/United Media office of Arbeen, File
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There are many stories from the past year that could make the “biggest stories of the year” list, but few stories shape the discussion around a country, a policy or an institution.

These are the “game-changers;” from a secret spy program that left everyday citizens questioning their privacy to a global debate about gay rights that will continue in to 2014, Global News has selected five game-changing stories of 2013.

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Rana Plaza collapse

Clothing for the Joe Fresh Label found in the rubble of the Rana Plaza, a building in Bangladesh’s capital housing garment factories. The eight-story building collapsed on April 24, 2013. (Photo by: angladesh Garment and Industrial Workers Federation handout)

Bangladesh Garment and Industrial Workers Federation handout

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The April 24 collapse of the Rana Plaza garment factory in Dhaka, Bangladesh was the worst disaster the country’s garment industry had ever seen. There has long been criticism of the conditions in which garment workers in developing countries manufacture clothing for Western companies. But with more than 1,100 dead, it was no longer possible to turn a blind eye to the situation.

One of the companies whose clothing was stitched together at Rana Plaza — an eight-story building housing several  garment factories — was Canada’s Joe Fresh, owned by grocery giant Loblaw. The company promised to compensate the victims’ families and survivors. Loblaw’s and other companies also committed to a plan that would make them more involved in monitoring the safety and working conditions at the factories they contract to make their products.

Boston Marathon bombing

When Tamerlan and Dzhokhar Tsarnaev set off homemade bombs near the finish line of the Boston Marathon in spring, the deadly attack left the city shaken but determined to not be held captive by fear.

It didn’t take long for authorities to pinpoint who was responsible for the bombing. But it was how Boston, and the towns of Cambridge and Watertown, responded in the days following that had many people talking.

The city came to a virtual standstill after Massachusetts Gov. Deval Patrick asked citizens to “shelter in place” on Apr. 19 — four days after the bombing — as police carried out a massive manhunt for the younger Tsarnaev brother, Dzokhar. Older brother Tamerlan was killed in the early hours of that morning in a shootout with police.

A Boston SWAT team member takes up as position as they search for 19-year-old bombing suspect Dzhokhar A. Tsarnaev on April 19, 2013 in Watertown, Massachusetts. (Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images)

Mario Tama/Getty Images

The people listened. There was no threat of being fine, as with a state of emergency (there was a no-fly zone over Watertown put in place and no vehicles were let in or out of the Boston suburb), but an overwhelming number of residents stayed indoors as the manhunt went on.

In a country where civil liberties are revered, some compared the situation to martial law. But, many others saw it as letting the police hunt down the suspect. When the Dzokhar Tsarnaev was found, apprehended and the town was given the all clear, the streets went from silent to celebratory.

Pope Benedict resigns


Time magazine recently named Pope Francis as its “Person of the Year.” It was a recognition of the pontiff’s efforts to reach out to non-Catholics and his apparent softer tone on issues of abortion, divorce and homosexuality.

It was the resignation of Pope Benedict XVI in February that set all of this in motion. Born Joseph Ratzinger, the 86-year-old was the first pope to step down in almost 600 years. He resigned  due to his “advanced age,” but later said it was God who inspired him to leave the post. Usually a pope serves until he passes away.

Benedict, by breaking the pattern, may have inadvertently put the papacy on a more progressive path.

Edward Snowden leaks NSA files

No one knew who 29-year-old intelligence contractor Edward Snowden was for the first half of the year, but he has since become a household name.

In June, Snowden became the face of the National Security Agency (NSA) surveillance scandal, revealing details of how the U.S. and its partners monitored world leaders, trading partners and video-game players.

Snowden has reportedly only released a fraction of the documents he obtained while working at an intelligence consulting firm. But what he has already revealed has put a strain on international relations between some countries and spurred distrust of citizens in government.

Six months later, a U.S. District Court judge ruled the telephony metadata program was likely unconstitutional and ordered a temporary injunction against the gathering of phone records.

Chemical weapons attack on Eastern Ghouta

On August 21, the Syrian regime launched a chemical weapons attack on the Damascus suburb of Eastern Ghouta. For weeks, the government of President Bashar al-Assad denied the attack and the existence of chemical weapons. It was later reported the attack killed 1,429 people, including more than 400 children.

In this image taken from amateur video posted online, appearing to show a presumed UN staff member measuring and photographing a canister in the suburb of Moadamiyeh in Damascus, Syria, Monday Aug. 26, 2013. (Photo by Media Office of Moadamiyeh/AP Photo)

Media Office of Moadamiyeh/AP Photo

But as the evidence mounted against the regime, Syria risked international intervention in its ongoing civil war.

Enter Russia, which brokered a deal that led to the U.S. backing off a possible intervention and Syria admitting it had a stockpile of chemical weapons.

The Syrian government agreed to allow the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons into the country to document its arsenal and begin disassembling it.

Despite its involvement in the deal, Russia’s ambassador to the UN said in December the attack was “staged” and a “manipulation of public opinion.”

Russia’s anti-gay propaganda law

Protesters hold a demonstration against Russian anti-gay legislation in front of the Russian Consulate in New York, July 31, 2013. (Photo by: Emmanuel Dunand/AFP/Getty Images)

Emmanuel Dunand (AFP)/Getty Images

There were some advances in the fight for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender rights this year — the U.S. Supreme Court overturning the Defense of Marriage Act, to name one — but in June, the issue of gay rights came to the forefront with the Russian government passing a law that would made it illegal to promote “non-traditional” lifestyles.

The law raised the ire of the international community and prompted calls for boycotts of Russian products.

Russia is slated to host the Winter Olympics in Sochi this coming February. The Olympics are meant to foster relationships and inclusiveness, but LGBT activists and their supporters called on the International Olympic Committee (IOC) to address the issue.

The IOC reiterated its stance that the Games were open to everyone, but also reminded participants that the podium was not a place for politics.

In a show of support for the LGBT community, French President Francois Hollande has vowed not to attend the event and 2010 Winter Olympics host Vancouver announced openly-gay city councillor Tim Stevenson would go to Sochi and urge the IOC to add an non-discrimination clause to its charter that includes lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender individuals.

© 2013 Shaw Media

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