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‘Queen of the Ocean’: Massive great white shark spotted off Nova Scotia

Click to play video 'Giant 50-year-old great white shark found off Nova Scotia coast' Giant 50-year-old great white shark found off Nova Scotia coast
WATCH: OCEARCH researchers on an expedition off the coast of Nova Scotia found a giant great white shark which they believe to be nearly 50 years old. They've named it “Queen of the Ocean.” – Oct 6, 2020

A massive, 50-year-old great white shark has been tagged off the coast of Nova Scotia, in a rare encounter that scientists compared to a royal visit.

Researchers with OCEARCH, an NGO dedicated to tracking great whites on the Atlantic Ocean, reported tagging a huge female shark as part of their studies over the weekend.

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“We named her ‘Nukumi,’ pronounced noo-goo-mee, for the legendary wise old grandmother figure of the Native American Mi’kmaq people,” OCEARCH wrote on Facebook. The organization also dubbed her “Queen of the Ocean” in a separate post on Twitter.

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The mature female shark weighed in at a whopping 1.6 metric tonnes (3,541 pounds) and measured about 5.2 metres (17 feet, 2 inches) long. That’s well above the average size of an adult great white, which usually measures between 4.5-4.8 metres long.

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Researchers hauled the shark out of the water last week, tagged it, then released it safely back into the ocean.

They say the shark is the largest they’ve tagged in the North Atlantic to date.

A large great white shark, dubbed Nukumi, is shown in this handout photo shared by OCEARCH on Oct. 3, 2020.
A large great white shark, dubbed Nukumi, is shown in this handout photo shared by OCEARCH on Oct. 3, 2020. Chris Ross/OCEARCH

Expedition leader Chris Fischer described tagging five sharks, including Nukumi, in a video from Nova Scotia’s West Ironbound Island on Saturday.

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Fischer described Nukumi as a “proper ‘Queen of the Ocean,’ matriarch of the sea, balance-keeper of the future. A grandmother.”

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“It’s really humbling to stand next to a large animal like that,” he said. “When you look at all the healed-over scars and blotches and things that are on her skin, you’re really looking at the story of her life, and it makes you feel really insignificant.”

Fischer hailed West Ironbound Island as a great spot for examining great whites at various stages of their development.

“The diversity of the sharks is very interesting here,” he said. “Both males and females, both immature and mature.”

Click to play video 'Concerns rise in Nova Scotia after Maine shark attack' Concerns rise in Nova Scotia after Maine shark attack
Concerns rise in Nova Scotia after Maine shark attack – Aug 2, 2020

OCEARCH researchers have tagged dozens of sharks over the course of their expedition. The trackers ping every so often and feed the data back to OCEARCH’s dedicated website, where anyone can follow the sharks’ migratory patterns online.

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The system has yielded a wealth of information about great whites, including their habit of migrating between the waters of Florida and Nova Scotia. The project has also revealed some of the sharks’ favourite breeding grounds.

Users can track all of the sharks or simply follow Nukumi on her royal travels.

Click to play video 'Massive shark caught and tagged off Nova Scotia' Massive shark caught and tagged off Nova Scotia
Massive shark caught and tagged off Nova Scotia – Oct 28, 2019

OCEARCH’s latest big fish still pales in comparison to Deep Blue, another mature female great white that’s been spotted a handful of times off the West Coast. That shark is said to be about 6.1 metres (20 feet) long.

Great whites are descended from the largest known ocean predator in history, carcharodon megalodon. The megalodon lived between 3.6 to 23 million years ago and measured roughly three times as long as a modern great white.

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If great whites like Nukumi are the queens of the ocean, then megalodon would have been empress of the waves.