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Dow Jones surges more than 1,100 points after coronavirus stimulus measures, Biden win

Click to play video 'COVID-19 fears trigger market meltdown' COVID-19 fears trigger market meltdown
WATCH ABOVE: COVID-19 fears trigger market meltdown – Mar 1, 2020

The Dow Jones Industrial Average surged nearly 1,100 points, or 4.5 per cent, Wednesday on hopes for more stimulus measures to fight the virus outbreak and primary wins by Joe Biden.

Congressional leaders agreed on an US$8.3 billion bill to battle the coronavirus, and investors are anticipating more central banks around the world will offer stimulus following the Federal Reserve’s rate cut Tuesday.

READ MORE: Coronavirus: What if your employer asks you to self-quarantine?

Health care companies helped lead the gains after Biden solidified his contender status for the Democratic presidential nomination. Investors see him as a more business-friendly alternative to Bernie Sanders. The S&P 500 jumped 3.9 per cent and the Nasdaq rose 3.3 per cent.

The gains more than recouped the market’s big losses from a day earlier as Wall Street’s wild, virus-fueled swings extend into a third week.

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Health care stocks led the market’s spurt after a strong performance by Biden in state primaries on Tuesday moved him to top-tier status for the Democratic presidential nomination. Many investors believe he is more friendly to businesses than the other top contender, Bernie Sanders, whose proposals for health care and the economy could hurt profits at insurers and other companies.

Click to play video 'Dow Jones nosedives nearly 1,200 points into correction territory' Dow Jones nosedives nearly 1,200 points into correction territory
Dow Jones nosedives nearly 1,200 points into correction territory – Feb 27, 2020

The rally’s momentum accelerated around midday after House and Senate leadership reached a deal on a bipartisan US$8.3 billion bill to battle the coronavirus outbreak. The House was set to vote on the measure later Wednesday. Senate leaders were pressing for a vote in that chamber by the end of the week. The measure’s funds would go toward research into a vaccine, improved tests and drugs to treat infected people.

“The fact that you get an $8 billion bill, that’s money that will be spent, hopefully, on something that really will have an impact on mitigating the effects on the economy,” said Tom Martin, senior portfolio manager with Global Investments.

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Investors are also anticipating other central banks will follow up on the Federal Reserve’s surprise move Tuesday to slash interest rates by half a percentage point in hopes of protecting the economy from the economic fallout of a fast-spreading virus. Canada’s central bank cut rates on Wednesday, also by half a percentage point and citing the virus’ effect.

Click to play video 'Wall Street plunges as COVID-19 spreads' Wall Street plunges as COVID-19 spreads
Wall Street plunges as COVID-19 spreads – Feb 24, 2020

Some measures of fear in the market eased. Treasury yields rose but were still near record lows in a sign that the bond market remains concerned about the economic pain possible from the fast-spreading virus. Companies around the world are already saying the virus is sapping away earnings due to supply chain disruptions and weaker sales, with General Electric becoming the latest to warn its investors.

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Even though many investors say they know lower interest rates will not halt the spread of the virus, they want to see central banks and other authorities do what they can to lessen the damage. The S&P 500 sank 2.8 per cent on Tuesday after a brief relief rally triggered by the Fed’s rate cut fizzled.

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READ MORE: The coronavirus outbreak will end eventually — the question is how

“Monetary policy can only take us so far, but at least it’s a step,” said Jack Ablin, chief investment officer at Cresset. “Investors will take comfort in co-ordinated central bank action. I take comfort in knowing this isn’t the plague, we’ll eventually get through this.”

The Bank of England has a meeting on March 26 on interest rates. The European Central Bank and others around the world have already cut rates below zero, meanwhile, which limits their monetary policy firepower. But economists say they could make other moves, such as freeing up banks to lend more.

An indicator of fear in the market, which measures how much traders are paying to protect themselves from future swings for the S&P 500, eased by nearly 13 per cent in afternoon trading. The price of gold, which tends to rise when investors are feeling fearful, also dipped US$1.40 to US$1,643 per ounce.

But the bond market, which was among the earliest to flash red flags about the economic pain from the virus, was still showing caution. The yield on the 10-year Treasury recovered after falling to 0.98 per cent and was trading at 1.02 per cent, slightly above where it was late Tuesday. On Monday, it sank 0.08 percentage points and dipped below 1 per cent for the first time in history. Yields fall when investors are worried about weaker economic growth and inflation.

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READ MORE: Dow sees biggest one-day gain since 2009 following rough week for U.S. stock market

The two-year Treasury yield, which moves more on expectations for Fed actions, slumped to 0.65 per cent from 0.71 per cent as traders increase bets that the Fed will cut rates even deeper this year.

Health care stocks in the S&P 500 jumped 5.4 per cent for the biggest gain among the 11 sectors that make up the index. UnitedHealth Group rose 13.7 per cent, Anthem jumped 14.6 per cent and Cigna climbed 14.1 per cent.

Click to play video 'Coronavirus outbreak: World Bank looking to provide solutions for developing countries' Coronavirus outbreak: World Bank looking to provide solutions for developing countries
Coronavirus outbreak: World Bank looking to provide solutions for developing countries – Mar 4, 2020

A Biden nomination would be more welcome on Wall Street than a nod for Sanders, who is campaigning on a proposal to enact “Medicare For All.”

“It’s probably a trend toward more of the same in terms of the market and the regulatory and business environment,” said Ablin. “I don’t think investors are looking for revolution.”

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Technology stocks also drove much of the gains Wednesday. Apple climbed 3.4 per cent and Microsoft rose 2.1 per cent.

Data reports released Wednesday painted a U.S. economy that was still holding up, at least as of last month. The country’s services industries grew at a faster rate last month than economists expected, according to a report from the Institute for Supply Management. Hiring at private employers was stronger than expected in February, according to a report from payroll processor ADP, though slower than January’s pace. That could be an encouraging sign for the comprehensive jobs report coming from the government at the end of the week.

READ MORE: Dow Jones sinks nearly 1,200 points amid coronavirus worries, worst 1-day drop since 2011

Markets have been on edge for two weeks, with the S&P 500 down 8.5 per cent from its record on Feb. 19, amid worries about how much economic damage the coronavirus will do. The big swings in recent days will likely continue until investors get a sense of what the worst-case scenario really is in the virus outbreak. They need to see the number of new infections at least slow its acceleration, analysts say.

Indexes jumped on Monday, and the Dow had its best day in more than a decade on rising anticipation for co-ordinated support from the Fed and other central banks. That followed a dismal week that erased gains for 2020.

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Coronavirus outbreak: Dr. Anthony Fauci says the U.S. will not have COVID-19 vaccine in under a year – Mar 4, 2020

The tide rose for stocks around the world on Wednesday. In Europe, Germany’s DAX returned 1.2 per cent, the French CAC 40 rose 1.3 per cent and the FTSE 100 in London gained 1.4 per cent. In Asia, South Korea’s Kospi jumped 2.2 per cent. Japan’s Nikkei 225 inched up 0.1 per cent, the Hang Seng in Hong Kong slipped 0.2 per cent and stocks in Shanghai rose 0.6 per cent.