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Oil prices continue to rise as tensions mount between Iran, U.S.

Click to play video 'With tensions rising, Trump vows swift action if Iran retaliates' With tensions rising, Trump vows swift action if Iran retaliates
WATCH: With tensions rising, Trump vows swift action if Iran retaliates – Jan 5, 2020

The global benchmark for crude oil rose above US$70 a barrel on Monday for the first time in over three months, with jitters rising over the escalating military tensions between Iran and the United States.

The Brent contract for oil touched a high of $70.74 a barrel, the highest since mid-September, when it briefly spiked over an attack on Saudi crude processing facilities. Stock markets were down as well amid fears of how Iran would fulfil a vow of “harsh retaliation.”

READ MORE: Here’s how the Strait of Hormuz could factor into Iran’s retaliation

“The market is concerned about the potential for retaliation, and specifically on energy and oil infrastructure in the region,” said Antoine Halff, a Columbia University researcher and former chief oil analyst for the International Energy Agency. “If Iran chose to incapacitate a major facility in the region, it has the technical capacity to do so.”

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The U.S. killed Iranian Gen. Qassem Soleimani in Iraq on Friday. Early Sunday, as Iran threatened to retaliate, President Donald Trump tweeted the U.S. was prepared to strike 52 sites in the Islamic Republic if any Americans are harmed.

Click to play video 'Iran calls Trump ‘terrorist in a suit’ as Soleimani returns home' Iran calls Trump ‘terrorist in a suit’ as Soleimani returns home
Iran calls Trump ‘terrorist in a suit’ as Soleimani returns home – Jan 5, 2020

Fears that Iran could strike back at oil and gas facilities important to the U.S. and its Persian Gulf allies stem from earlier attacks widely attributed to Iran.

The U.S. has blamed Iran for a wave of provocative attacks in the region, including the sabotage of oil tankers and an attack on Saudi Arabia’s oil infrastructure in September that temporarily halved its production. Iran has denied involvement in those attacks.

“Targeting oil infrastructure could raise prices and bring worldwide economic pain and put Iran on the front burner,” which might be exactly the kind of message its leaders are looking to send, said Jim Krane, an energy and geopolitics researcher at Rice University.

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READ MORE: Trump doubles down on attacking cultural sites in Iran, threatens sanctions on Iraq

Compared to other methods of attack, targeting energy sites also “doesn’t kill a lot of people,” Krane said. “It’s capital-intensive, it’s not people-intensive. It’s a safer option in terms of the virulence of reprisal.”

It would still wreak havoc on the global economy, he said, because of the way that oil markets affect other energy-intensive industries such as airlines, shipping and petro-chemicals.

Global stock markets have been sliding since Friday. European indexes were down over 1 per cent on Monday after Asia closed lower. Wall Street was expected to slide again on the open, with futures down 0.6 per cent.

Click to play video 'U.S.-Iran escalation looms after Soleimani killing' U.S.-Iran escalation looms after Soleimani killing
U.S.-Iran escalation looms after Soleimani killing – Jan 5, 2020

Brent crude was up $1.02 at $69.62 a barrel, having rise almost 6 per cent since before the Iranian general’s killing.

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At the same time, some experts say the effect of a Middle Eastern geopolitical crisis on oil prices may not be as great as it once was. The U.S. energy industry, for instance, can ramp up shale oil production in places such as Texas.

“We’re in this new territory where the world oil markets are more dynamic and can tolerate this disruption more than they used to,” said Michael Webber, a mechanical engineering professor at the University of Texas at Austin.

READ MORE: Plans unclear for Canadians after Iraqi lawmakers call for foreign troop removal

Tensions between the U.S. and Iran have steadily intensified since Trump’s decision to withdraw from a 2015 nuclear deal and restore crippling sanctions.

But after the attack on Saudi Arabia’s crucial Abqaiq oil processing facility in September, Halff said the “market was able to dismiss it pretty quickly, partly because there was a perception that shale oil was pretty abundant.”

Click to play video 'Iran says it’s no longer bound by nuclear limits after Soleimani’s killing' Iran says it’s no longer bound by nuclear limits after Soleimani’s killing
Iran says it’s no longer bound by nuclear limits after Soleimani’s killing – Jan 5, 2020

After that incident, the price of oil surged over 14 per cent in a day, but lost those gains over the next two weeks.

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Halff said the killing of Iran’s top general is different.

“This is not something that can be repaired,” he said. “You can repair a facility. You can’t bring somebody back to life. There’s no turning back.”