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Protests in France over pension reform shuts down transit, Eiffel Tower

French police, protesters scuffle during nationwide strike over pension reforms
WATCH: French police, protesters scuffle during nationwide strike over pension reforms

Paris police fired tear gas at demonstrators Thursday as the Eiffel Tower shut down, France’s high-speed trains came to a standstill and hundreds of thousands marched nationwide in a strike over the government’s plan to overhaul the retirement system.

At least 90 people were arrested in Paris by evening as the protests wound down.

Police said 65,000 people took to the streets of the French capital, and over 800,000 nationwide in often-tense demonstrations aimed at forcing President Emmanuel Macron to abandon pension reform.

READ MORE: Lawmakers in France pass bill proposing a ban on Black Friday

The open-ended walkout by the country’s unions represents the biggest challenge to Macron since the yellow vest movement against economic inequality erupted a year ago.

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A demonstrator walks on with raised fist in Bayonne, southwestern France, Thursday, Dec.5, 2019. Transport will be hardest hit by the walkout, with flights, trains and buses canceled and most of the Paris subway system coming to a halt. (AP Photo/Bob Edme)
A demonstrator walks on with raised fist in Bayonne, southwestern France, Thursday, Dec.5, 2019. Transport will be hardest hit by the walkout, with flights, trains and buses canceled and most of the Paris subway system coming to a halt. (AP Photo/Bob Edme)

The Louvre closed some of its galleries, and the Palace of Versailles shut down. Subway stations across Paris closed their gates, high-speed TGV trains canceled their runs, and nearly 20 per cent of flights at Paris’ Orly Airport were reported grounded.

Many visitors, including the U.S. energy secretary, canceled plans to travel to one of the world’s most popular tourist destinations.

Some travelers showed support for the striking workers. Others complained about being embroiled in someone else’s fight.

France’s public transport faces mass disruption as unions launch strike against Macron’s pension reforms
France’s public transport faces mass disruption as unions launch strike against Macron’s pension reforms

“I had no idea about the strike happening, and I was waiting for two hours in the airport for the train to arrive, and it didn’t arrive,” said vacationer Ian Crossen, from New York. “I feel a little bit frustrated. And I’ve spent a lot of money. I’ve spent money I didn’t need to, apparently.”

Beneath the Eiffel Tower, tourists from Thailand, Canada and Spain echoed those sentiments.

Paris authorities barricaded the presidential palace and deployed 6,000 police officers. Police ordered all businesses, cafes and restaurants in the area to close and detained 71 people before the demonstration even started.

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Authorities banned protests in the more sensitive neighbourhoods around the Champs-Elysees avenue, the presidential palace, Parliament and Notre Dame Cathedral.

A woman walks past the closed Eiffel Tower in Paris, Thursday, Dec. 5, 2019. The Eiffel Tower shut down Thursday, France’s vaunted high-speed trains stood still and teachers walked off the job as unions launched nationwide strikes and protests over the government’s plan to overhaul the retirement system.
A woman walks past the closed Eiffel Tower in Paris, Thursday, Dec. 5, 2019. The Eiffel Tower shut down Thursday, France’s vaunted high-speed trains stood still and teachers walked off the job as unions launched nationwide strikes and protests over the government’s plan to overhaul the retirement system. (AP Photo/Rafael Yaghobzadeh)

Skirmishes broke out between police firing tear gas and protesters throwing flares in the western city of Nantes, and thousands of red-vested union activists marched through cities from Marseille on the Mediterranean to Lille in the north.

Lacking public transportation, commuters used shared bikes or electric scooters despite near-freezing temperatures. Many people in the Paris region worked from home or took a day off to stay with their children, since 78 per cent of teachers in the capital went on strike.

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The big question is how long the walkout will last. Transport Minister Elisabeth Borne said she expects the travel troubles to be just as bad on Friday, and unions said they will maintain the Paris subway strike at least through Monday.

Money 123: Ensuring your savings last through your retirement
Money 123: Ensuring your savings last through your retirement

Joseph Kakou, who works an overnight security shift in western Paris, walked an hour to get to his home on the eastern side of town.

“It doesn’t please us to walk. It doesn’t please us to have to strike,” he said. “But we are obliged to, because we can’t work until 90 years old.”

The deeply unpopular Macron is expected to reveal the details of his plan next week. The government has promised not to touch the official retirement age — 62, though lower for certain physically demanding occupations — but the plan will encourage some people to work longer.

To Macron, the retirement reform is central to his plan to transform France so it can compete globally in the 21st century. The government argues France’s 42 retirement systems need streamlining.