The majority of Alberta farm operations would no longer have to follow employment standards rules or have workplace insurance under a bill introduced in the legislature.
The bill also states that farm workers would no longer have the right to unionize or bargain collectively.
The proposed legislation, introduced by Agriculture Minister Devin Dreeshen, overhauls many of the farm and ranch rules put in place by the former NDP government.
Right now, all paid farm workers — excluding family members — must have Workers’ Compensation Board coverage for death, dismemberment and disability.
Farms must also abide by employment standards covering minimum wage, leaves, termination notices and record-keeping.
Under the new bill, those rules would only apply to large agricultural operations.
Farms that have five or fewer paid workers would be exempt.
The United Conservative government estimates that about three-quarters of Alberta’s 41,000 farms would be classified as small operations.
“We’re making sure that this is reflective and responsive of what farmers are actually telling us, and farm workers as well,” Dreeshen said Wednesday before introducing the bill in the house.
Dreeshen said farmers told him this summer that they wanted the changes and didn’t want unionization.
“Farmers would tell us that there’s no real place for a union on a farm,” said Dreeshen.
The government said that so far no farm workers have tried to unionize.
Previously, farms had to get workplace insurance through the Workers’ Compensation Board, but will be able to go through the board or a private provider if the bill passes.
Occupational health and safety rules would still apply across the board, but would be done broadly on an outcome-based basis rather than through rules tied to specific agricultural jobs.
Greenhouses, nurseries, mushroom and sod farms are to be classified as farm and ranch operations. That means they would qualify for specific rules for farms and ranches, including the small employer exemption, general holiday pay set at 4.2 per cent and four days of rest for every 28 days of work.