Butts’ resignation came as a surprise to some who knew him not only as Trudeau’s adviser but also one of his oldest and closest confidants.
Peter Graefe, an associate professor at McMaster University, explained that the relationship between Trudeau and Butts is not entirely unusual — but his departure is still noteworthy.
“All leaders have a right-hand person. Some of them are really long-lasting relationships,” Graefe said.
“For Trudeau, he’s only ever had one person work in that role. Some prime ministers go through a number of relationships in that role, a bit like changing shirts.”
Here’s a look at their relationship, which dates back several years.
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Friendship dates back to university
Trudeau and Butts were friends long before they entered politics.
They met during McGill University in Montreal in the early 1990s. Their friendship was so close that Butts helped Trudeau write the eulogy for his father, former prime minister Pierre Elliott Trudeau, in 2000.
Trudeau wrote in his book, Common Ground, that when he began to consider running for Liberal leadership in 2012, Butts was the first person he approached for advice.
In reaction to the resignation, Trudeau highlighted his friendship with Butts will continue.
Influence on Trudeau government
Butts’ influence didn’t just end as a close friend who gave Trudeau advice. His influence is widely acknowledged in practically every area of government policy.
Trudeau has described Butts and his chief of staff Katie Telford as the “core of his inner circle,” and rarely made any big decisions without their input.
His influence has been so pronounced that some often jokingly, or as a jab to Trudeau, called him Prime Minister Butts.
He has also been unusually visible for a senior political staffer, frequently speaking with journalists and very vocally defending Trudeau online.
Butts routinely uses Twitter to spin government policy, challenge government critics and even get into sparring matches with the leaders of provincial parties and governments.
WATCH: Freeland praises Butts’ work on behalf of Canada but ‘work goes on’
Background in politics
Beyond working with Trudeau, Butts has also been present in provincial politics.
His first foray into politics came with the Ontario Liberals, where he was a policy adviser to then-leader Dalton McGuinty. He was one of the architects of the 2003 Liberal platform that propelled McGuinty into the premier’s office.
Butts remained McGuinty’s principal secretary for five years.
What happens now that he’s gone?
Graefe said Butts’ departure may not be as detrimental to Trudeau as it may seem. He noted the prime minister will find a replacement, and has other trustworthy members of his inner circle.
Another scenario could be that Butts continues to support Trudeau but in a different capacity.
“There doesn’t seem to have been a fundamental breakage between them,” Graefe said, noting the statements put out Monday.
“Maybe this is a trial breakup.”
“There’s no impossibility that Butts ends up playing a role in crafting campaign strategy. Maybe the government will allow him to play a different kind of role,” he said.
WATCH: Morneau says Gerald Butts has ‘enormous’ respect for Canada’s institutions
But there could be a temporary void in Trudeau’s inner circle in the transition period, Graefe noted.
— With files from The Canadian Press
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