China grows seedling on the moon, a historic first for humans

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WATCH ABOVE: Video shows the Chang'e-4 lunar probe, launched in December, making a 'soft landing' on the moon on January 3 – Jan 11, 2019

A tiny cotton seed has sprouted into a seedling on the far side of the moon, marking another historic first for China‘s Chang’e 4 mission, scientists behind the experiment announced on Tuesday.

A team of researchers at Chongqing University shared photos of the sprout at a news conference in Chongqing on Tuesday.

“The first green leaf on the moon!” the university wrote in a translated news release.

A cotton seedling is shown inside an experimental farm tank on the Chang‘e 4 lunar lander on the moon. Chongqing University

The sprout represents the first-ever seed planted on the moon by humans, professor Xie Gengxin, head of the Institute of Advanced Technology at Chongqing University, told the audience.

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The accomplishment is a key step on the road to establishing human colonies beyond Earth, where astronauts will likely have to grow their own food to survive over a long period of time.

The cotton seed sprouted inside a sealed metal tank that also contains rapeseed, potato and Arabidopsis seeds, as well as yeast and fruit fly eggs. The specimens are planted in soil, fed by an attached water source and lit by a sunlight tube.

Arabidopsis is a flowering weed related to cabbage and mustard. If it grows, it could potentially produce the first flower on the moon.

An experimental farm canister is shown at Chongqing University in Chongqing, China, before it was installed on the Chang’e 4 lunar lander. Chongqing University

The experiments were designed to test whether a self-contained ecosystem can be set up on the moon where there is no atmosphere, low gravity and higher radiation compared to conditions on Earth.

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“The plants would generate oxygen and food for other living things to consume,” according to an English description of the experiment on the website of Chongqing University, where it was originally devised. The fruit flies and yeast are meant to consume oxygen and generate more carbon dioxide for the plants to use in photosynthesis.

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Chinese scientists are monitoring the plants’ growth through a series of photos sent back to Earth each day. The first sprouts appeared in photos from Jan. 7, three days after water was released into the soil.

A cotton sprout is shown inside a test tank sent to the moon on China’s Chang’e 4 lander on Jan. 7, 2019. Chongqing University

The cotton seed appears to be the first of the specimens to sprout on the moon.

A similar experiment set to run at the same time on Earth has already produced several seedlings.

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Several seedlings are shown in a test bed at Chongqing University in China on Jan. 7, 2019, 81 hours after they were first watered. Chongqing University

Humans have grown plants on the International Space Station but never on the moon.

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China became the first nation to reach the so-called “far” side of the moon on Jan. 3. Its lunar lander, the Chang’e 4, touched down with several experimental payloads on board, including the tank full of seeds.

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The lander has also deployed a rover, dubbed the Jade Rabbit 2.

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China’s historic mission to the far side of the moon – Dec 7, 2018

China is scheduled to launch another unmanned mission, Chang’e 5, to visit the moon and return with samples at the end of the year.

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