Bombardier Inc. announced Thursday it will shed 5,000 jobs company-wide and sell off two units as part of chief executive Alain Bellemare’s five-year plan to rein in costs, focus on rail and business jets and reduce the net long-term debt of $9 billion.
About 2,500 Bombardier workers will be laid off in Quebec and 500 in Ontario, with the 2,000 other cuts occurring overseas, according to a spokesman, who did not specify the units.
The company said it will sell its Q400 turboprop aircraft program to a subsidiary of Longview Aviation Capital Corp. for about US$300 million. The Montreal-based company also announced the sale of its flight training business to CAE Inc. for about US$645 million.
The restructuring, announced alongside Bombardier’s third-quarter earnings, is slated for completion within 18 months and for savings of $250 million annually.
The announcement comes after mass layoffs over the past three years, with about 14,500 positions cut around the world in the aerospace and railway divisions.
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Dropping the Q400 will allow Bombardier to zero in on producing its Global series of long-range business jets, including the Global 7500, whose first aircraft is slated for delivery next month.
“With the measures announced, we are confident that we will be able to reach our goals in 2020,” Bellemare said during a conference call.
Bombardier shares closed at $2.41 Thursday, a nosedive of more than 24 per cent to its lowest price in more than a year — and its biggest one-day drop since February 2015 — due to concerns over cash flow.
Bombardier forecast 2019 revenue to increase by 10 per cent to at least $18 billion, powered by more deliveries of its Global 7500s.
Free cash flow came in “well below” expectations that Bombardier could break even on cash without falling back on its $635 million in proceeds from the sale of a Toronto plant earlier this year, said analyst Benoit Poirier of Desjardins Capital Markets.
National Bank Financial analyst Cameron Doerksen characterized the sell-off “both today and in the prior months as irrational,” citing healthy liquidity and a lower risk profile.
“The new facility at Pearson (airport) will probably be producing only the Global business jet, and having a dedicated facility for one line gives them a chance to optimize the performance,” said Ernie Arvai, a partner at commercial aviation consultancy AirInsight.
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“The next question for Bombardier is what happens with the CRJ line and what happens with the rest of the commercial business.”
The fate of the aging CRJ regional jets has been unclear since the company announced in October 2017 that Airbus SE would acquire a majority 50.01 per cent stake in the C Series, effective July 1 of this year.
Bellemare said at the time the company was committed to the Q400 and CRJ.
“We like these products, they give us critical mass.”
He offered similar sentiments Thursday. “On the CRJ, the focus is still on reducing cost and selling aircraft today. We are losing money on the CRJ.”
Karl Moore, an aviation expert at McGill University’s Desautels Faculty of Management, said the layoffs and selloffs will allow Bombardier to shift away from regional jets and shrink its debt.
“The transportation side and business jets are clearly the central focus of Bombardier going forward,” Moore said.
‘Of course this is very difficult for the workers’
Quebec Premier François Legault weighed in after speaking with company and union leaders, saying his economy minister has started calling Quebec aerospace companies that are on the hunt for skilled workers.
“When we have more information, we can assess how to minimize the number of laid-off employees,” Legault told reporters.
Federal innovation minister Navdeep Bains responded to past criticism around public investment in the 76-year-old company, including a $372.5-million loan from Ottawa in 2017.
He noted that the massive loan came with a commitment to maintain or create 5,300 positions, but said he was “disappointed with the jobs being lost.”
“Of course this is very difficult for the workers. We understand that,” he added, pledging continued support for the aerospace sector.
The changes come as Bombardier reported a profit of US$149 million or four cents per share in its latest quarter, compared with a loss of US$100 million or four cents per share in the same quarter last year.
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Revenue in what was the company’s third quarter totalled US$3.64 billion, down from US$3.84 billion a year ago.
On an adjusted basis, Bombardier said it earned four cents per share in the quarter compared with a break-even result in the third quarter of 2017, beating analyst expectations.
Longview Aviation, the parent company to Viking Air Ltd., said once it completes its deal with Bombardier it will become North America’s largest commercial turboprop aircraft manufacturer.
The agreement encompasses the entire Dash 8 program, including the 100, 200 and 300 series and the in-production Q400 program.
“The Dash 8 turbo-prop is the perfect complement to our existing portfolio of specialized aircraft including the Twin Otter and the Canadair CL 215 and 415 series of water bombers,” Longview Aviation chief executive David Curtis said in a statement.
CAE president Marc Parent said in a statement its purchase of Bombardier’s flight training wing “represents a win-win for both companies, resulting in enhanced core focus.”