Abdulmuti Elmi, 24, was initially arrested for allegedly shoplifting from a liquor store and assaulting a man with a bottle but the RCMP had also sought a terrorism peace bond against him.
Crown prosecutors withdrew the terrorism peace bond case on Monday after Elmi was ordered to abide by 21 conditions stemming from his charges for robbery and assault with a weapon.
Those conditions ordered him not to leave Ontario, possess objects with the ISIS logo or view materials “that advocate or support the use of violence or espouse extremist or radical views.”
“Do not knowingly associate, communicate with or contact anyone who is involved in or supports terrorist activity … or anyone believed to hold radical religious views or supports ISIS/ISIL/Islamic State,” it said.
He must also maintain a curfew, not possess weapons, refrain from drug and alcohol use and “take any medication prescribed by your medical doctor and/or psychiatrist.”
“In light of the conditions imposed on Mr. Elmi for a 12-month probation period with respect to the provincial charges, the [terrorism peace bond] information was withdrawn,” said Nathalie Houle, the Public Prosecution Service of Canada spokesperson.
Elmi signed the probation order in the Ontario Court of Justice. If he fails to comply with any of the conditions, he could face up to four years in prison and a fine of up to $5,000.
It is illegal to attempt to leave Canada to take part in terrorist activity. Faced with a surge in Canadians travelling abroad to join groups like ISIS, the RCMP has used terrorism peace bonds to ground those they suspect might be preparing to leave.
“Peace bonds assist in managing the threat posed by an individual where the evidence is assessed as insufficient to achieve charge approval,” according to a November 2016 RCMP document obtained by Global News. “They are a means of establishing some control over individuals short of a charge or conviction.”
But as a 2016 attempted suicide bombing in Ontario by ISIS supporter Aaron Driver demonstrated, peace bonds are not effective in some cases. “Peace bonds do not fully mitigate the risk posed by an individual,” the RCMP document said.
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