Trump policies could lead to fresh ‘spike’ in asylum seekers, intelligence report warns

Click to play video: 'Border officials brace for another spike in asylum seekers crossing into Canada'
Border officials brace for another spike in asylum seekers crossing into Canada
WATCH: Global National has obtained a copy of an intelligence briefing prepared by the Canada Border Services Agency warning that thousands of additional claimants could soon be arriving on our doorstep seeking refugee status. David Akin reports – Sep 12, 2017

Border officials are bracing for yet another spike in asylum seekers crossing into Canada from the United States, an internal government document reveals, with thousands of additional claimants potentially arriving on our doorstep seeking refugee status.

A Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) intelligence analysis sheet, obtained this week by Global News, explains that the U.S. could be on the verge of ending Temporary Protection Status for citizens of El Salvador, Haiti, Nicaragua, Honduras and Syria.

WATCH: How the government plans to accommodate asylum seekers in the winter months

Click to play video: 'How the feds plan to house asylum seekers entering Canada as winter approaches'
How the feds plan to house asylum seekers entering Canada as winter approaches

In total, there are an estimated 320,000 people living in the U.S. under Temporary Protection Status (TPS) who are citizens of those five countries.

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The TPS designation allows foreign nationals who are already in the U.S. to remain there as long as their home country is deemed unsafe due to temporary factors like armed conflict, natural disaster or epidemic.

They cannot be deported or detained until the status is lifted.

READ MORE: Haitians flee to Canada after Trump proposes end to protected status

But between January and March of 2018, the Trump administration will be assessing whether TPS should remain in place for various countries. Extensions for Haiti, El Saldavor, Nicaragua and Honduras are now considered “unlikely” by the Canada Border Services Agency, according to the document.

An extension for Syria, where violent conflict continues to rage, is being pegged as “somewhat likely.”

“If TPS designations are not renewed, the number of claims for the impacted countries is likely to spike,” the analysis states.

“Ports of entry in the Quebec, Southern Ontario and Pacific regions will likely be impacted most, with significant increases in claims in the month leading up to and directly after each expiration date.”

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In late August, the RCMP confirmed that more than 3,800 people — the majority from Haiti — crossed the border illegally into Quebec during the two weeks spanning Aug. 1 to Aug. 15.

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According to Customs and Immigration Union President Jean-Pierre Fortin, the daily crossings in Lacolle, Que., have since dropped to around 100 per day.

Meanwhile, the government has been engaged in a media blitz and other outreach activities to make it clear that there is no “free pass” into Canada.

READ MORE: Refugee claimants found in possession of child porn at Quebec border

But as the expiry of their temporary protection status in the U.S. looms, the CBSA document notes that the number of claimants from Haiti could spike again, and claims from Salvadorans and Syrians could also increase significantly.

Honduras and Nicaragua “are seen as wild cards,” the document adds.

“While the CBSA receives relatively few claims from these countries, the high number of of TPS holders may result in substantial increases should additional push factors arise as they have for Haiti.”

‘Push factors’

Those “push factors” could include social media being used to spread the word about coming to Canada, increases in gang violence in home countries like El Salvador, the tendency for Central American communities to influence each other’s migration patterns, and positive news of other migrants reaching Canada.

READ MORE: Asylum seekers get health-care benefits first, eligibility questions later

The government says it is continuing to monitor the situation closely and preparing for different possible scenarios this winter.

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“Intelligence reports provide useful information to help us understand these movements and potential future trends; however, we only know how many asylum claimants there are when they arrive,” said a statement issued by the office of Public Safety Minister Ralph Goodale.

Goodale’s office noted that following Haitian MP Emmanuel Dubourg’s trip to Miami last month, Liberal MP Pablo Rodriguez was in Los Angeles last weekend to meet with members of the Hispanic community, including members of the Salvadoran, Honduran and Nicaraguan diaspora.

WATCH: Goodale repeats that irregular crossing into Canada is no free ticket into the country

Click to play video: 'Ralph Goodale: An irregular crossing into Canada is no free ticket into the country'
Ralph Goodale: An irregular crossing into Canada is no free ticket into the country

Conservative immigration critic Michelle Rempel says that’s not enough.

“I think that there’s two things that the government needs to do in this situation that they have not been doing yet,” she said.

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Second, said Rempel, the government must do more to deter people from coming into Canada, in part by swiftly deporting failed asylum claimants to their country of origin. Currently, it can take months to determine if an asylum claim can even be made.

Rempel said Canadians are compassionate and open, but the asylum system needs to be perceived as fair and must support the world’s most vulnerable.

Avoiding deportation

The CBSA document also points out that Canada has granted some regions in Somalia, South Sudan, Syria, and Yemen an “Administrative Deferral of Removal,” which is similar to the American TPS. It prevents the Canadian government from deporting people back to those unstable areas, regardless of their immigration status.

READ MORE: Trudeau government fearful a massive refugee surge could hurt 2019 re-election campaign

A recent report from Reuters indicates deportations to dangerous zones are happening anyway, but the possible shelter of an Administrative Deferral of Removal is being considered another potential “push factor” by the CBSA.

“Obviously we do have some concern (for) the very near future,” said union president Fortin.

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“Since 2016, we’re seeing the results of the Conservative government’s (border staffing) cuts. That’s why we kept asking the government — the actual government, the Liberals — to overturn that decision.”

Fortin said that at the height of the crisis in August, border services agents were under “tremendous pressure to speed up the process” and that screening suffered as a result. Ottawa needs to learn from those mistakes, he added.

“Hopefully they will be speaking to (us) and also to the frontline officers that actually had to manage this crisis, because we don’t see a clear direction where right now the government is going with this.”

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