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Critics say Charlottesville Police officers didn’t do enough to stop the violence

***WARNING: Above video contains scenes of violence. Viewer discretion is advised.*** Amateur video has surfaced showing a black man being assaulted by white nationalist protesters - across the street from the Charlottesville Police Department.

CHARLOTTESVILLE, Va. — A Virginia police chief said he “absolutely” regrets violence that erupted over the weekend when dozens of white nationalists, neo-Nazis and Ku Klux Klan members clashed with counter-protesters.

As the world watched pandemonium in Charlottesville unfold live on television Saturday, officers seemed to stand on the sidelines as fists flew, bats swung and objects soared through the air.

“We were hoping for a peaceful demonstration,” Chief Al Thomas said at a news conference Monday. “Gradually the crowd size increased along with aggressiveness and hostility of the attendees towards one another.”

After police ordered everyone out of a small park where the rally was being held, protesters took to the streets. A man plowed his car into a group of counter-protesters, killing a woman and injuring 19 others.

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On Monday, Virginia Gov. Terry McAuliffe said he directed his administration to conduct an “extensive review” of how police prepare and respond to rallies. The city’s former police chief and law enforcement experts were critical of the way police responded, saying the ostensibly hands-off approach seemed to allow the violent fracas to grow.

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Thomas said his officers were spread thin and had to make quick adjustments to their strategies when white nationalists began swarming the park and violence erupted.

“Absolutely, I have regrets,” he said. “It was a tragic, tragic weekend.”

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WATCH: Charlottesville Police Chief says he “regrets” deaths following “tragic” weekend

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Former Charlottesville Police chief Timothy Longo said he was “shocked” that police didn’t block the street where a car plowed into a group of protesters Saturday, killing 32-year-old Heather Heyer and injuring several others.

“I’m shocked in disbelief that there was traffic anywhere near that level of pedestrian activity. That street is typically shut down on weekends for events that occur on the mall,” Longo, who retired from the department last year, told CNN.

Joseph Giacalone, a professor at John Jay College of Criminal Justice and former New York City police sergeant, said there should have been a stronger police presence and officers should have created a buffer zone between the two groups. Longo said he also would have expected police to have created buffers.

Several white supremacists attack a black man, bloodying him with wooden poles and part of a broken parking arm on August 12, 2017 in Charlottesville, Va.
Several white supremacists attack a black man, bloodying him with wooden poles and part of a broken parking arm on August 12, 2017 in Charlottesville, Va. Zach D Roberts/NurPhoto via Getty Images

“When you have a group on one side and another group protesting against them, you have to put yourself in the middle of them,” Giacalone said. “As uncomfortable as it is to be a police officer out there in between them, that’s the only thing to do.”

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Those on both sides of the protests were also critical of how police responded to the violence.

“Their entire mission seemed to be to just stand there,” said Matthew Heimbach, a leader of the white nationalist Traditionalist Worker Party.

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Andrew Mayton, a union organizer and researcher who travelled from Baltimore to protest the white nationalists for the second time this summer, said officers were “nowhere to be found.”

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Giacalone, who helped plan the NYPD’s response to Occupy Wall Street, said it appeared police in Charlottesville chose not to engage with the protesters and surmised officials may not have wanted to appear as militarized as officers who used war-fighting gear to confront protesters in Ferguson, Mo., after the fatal shooting of Michael Brown.

“I think there’s this disengagement theory that’s been pushed forward,” he said. “You’re dealing with radicals and a disengagement strategy is not going to work with them.”

WATCH: Charlottesville victim relives moment of car attack

Charlottesville victim relives moment of attack: ‘I could feel her chest compressions’
Charlottesville victim relives moment of attack: ‘I could feel her chest compressions’

Thomas denied any accusation that his officers had been told not to make arrests or step in when fights broke out.

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Charlottesville officers called for backup from state police, who helped clear the park. But police appeared to have no firm plan after that, as protesters flooded out of the park onto the streets.

The Charlottesville Police Department had responded to 250 calls Saturday and emergency workers treated 36 injured people, including several who were hurt in the car attack, the chief said.

City officials had tried to move the rally to a larger park about a mile from downtown Charlottesville, but their request was blocked by a federal judge after the American Civil Liberties Union brought a lawsuit challenging the proposal.

Virginia’s governor, a Democrat, said he believed the violence could have been quelled if the rally had been moved to the larger park. The ACLU said its lawsuit challenged the city to act constitutionally.

“Had that been up there, we wouldn’t have had the issues. We wouldn’t have had the car terrorism, and let me be very clear: It was terrorism,” McAuliffe said.

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Balsamo reported from Los Angeles. Associated Press writers Sarah Rankin in Charlottesville and Alan Suderman in Richmond contributed to this report.