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U.S. Supreme Court could soon turn 6-3 conservative — who else is on the bench?

Click to play video 'U.S. Senate prepares to battle over SCOTUS nominee Amy Coney Barrett' U.S. Senate prepares to battle over SCOTUS nominee Amy Coney Barrett
WATCH: U.S. Senate prepares to battle over SCOTUS nominee Amy Coney Barrett – Sep 27, 2020

With U.S. President Donald Trump’s Supreme Court nomination of Amy Coney Barrett, the bench may soon turn into a 6-3 conservative majority.

The 5-4 conservative majority bench ended with the passing of Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg last month. Ginsburg was nominated by former president Bill Clinton in 1993 and was the leader of the liberal wing of the court.

Read more: Trump nominee Amy Coney Barrett says U.S. Supreme Court must be ‘independent’

If Barrett, whose Senate judiciary committee confirmation hearing kicked off Monday, fills Ginsburg’s seat, then there will be six conservative justices, three of them appointed by Trump.

Such an ideological shift could be felt in American life for decades, with the court playing a pivotal role in social policy and many other matters. For example, the court in 1973 legalized abortion nationwide and in 2015 legalized gay marriage nationwide.

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As a devout Roman Catholic, Barrett has conservative positions on key hot-button issues including abortion and gun rights.

Click to play video 'Amy Coney Barrett has ‘long record’ of opposing abortion and reproductive rights: Harris' Amy Coney Barrett has ‘long record’ of opposing abortion and reproductive rights: Harris
Amy Coney Barrett has ‘long record’ of opposing abortion and reproductive rights: Harris – Sep 28, 2020

While a law professor at the University of Notre Dame, a Catholic institution in Indiana, Barrett in 2006 signed on to an advertisement in an Indiana newspaper calling for Roe v. Wade to be overturned.

“It’s time to put an end to the barbaric legacy of Roe v. Wade and restore law that protects the lives of unborn children,” the advertisement, purchased by an anti-abortion organization called St. Joseph County Right to Life, stated.

Trump in 2016 promised to appoint justices who would overturn Roe v. Wade.

Here is a look at who is currently on the Supreme Court.

Neil Gorsuch: Republican nominee

In this Nov. 30, 2018 file photo, Associate Justice Neil Gorsuch, appointed by President Donald Trump, sits with fellow Supreme Court justices for a group portrait at the Supreme Court Building in Washington.
In this Nov. 30, 2018 file photo, Associate Justice Neil Gorsuch, appointed by President Donald Trump, sits with fellow Supreme Court justices for a group portrait at the Supreme Court Building in Washington.

Gorsuch, 53, was nominated by Trump in 2017, to fill the late Justice Scalia’s seat on the bench and was confirmed by the Senate on April 7, 2018.

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Gorsuch served in former president George W. Bush’s Department of Justice for two years before he was appointed to an appeals court seat. There he defended religious freedom and advocated for court review of government regulations.

Brett Kavanaugh: Republican nominee

In this Nov. 30, 2018, file photo Associate Justice Brett Kavanaugh sits with fellow Supreme Court justices for a group portrait at the Supreme Court Building in Washington.
In this Nov. 30, 2018, file photo Associate Justice Brett Kavanaugh sits with fellow Supreme Court justices for a group portrait at the Supreme Court Building in Washington.

Kavanaugh, 55, was nominated by Trump and was sworn in as a Supreme Court justice in 2018. By a vote of 50-48, the deeply-divided Senate gave the lifetime job to Kavanaugh after weeks of fierce debate over sexual abuse allegations.

John Roberts: Republican nominee

This Nov. 30, 2018, file photo shows Chief Justice of the United States, John Roberts, as he sits with fellow Supreme Court justices for a group portrait at the Supreme Court Building in Washington.
This Nov. 30, 2018, file photo shows Chief Justice of the United States, John Roberts, as he sits with fellow Supreme Court justices for a group portrait at the Supreme Court Building in Washington. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite, File)

Roberts, 65, was appointed by Bush in 2005, who nominated him as chief justice. He took his seat Sept. 29, 2005, after a 78-22 vote in the Senate approving his nomination. Roberts is widely seen as a key swing vote on the court as he is closest to the centre on many issues.

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Samuel Alito: Republican nominee

Alito, 70, was nominated by Bush in 2005. The Senate confirmed his nomination in a 58-42 vote on Jan. 31, 2006.

He is one of the court’s most conservative members.

Clarence Thomas: Republican nominee

In this Feb. 15, 2018, file photo, Supreme Court Associate Justice Clarence Thomas sits as he is introduced during an event at the Library of Congress in Washington.
In this Feb. 15, 2018, file photo, Supreme Court Associate Justice Clarence Thomas sits as he is introduced during an event at the Library of Congress in Washington.

Thomas, 70, was nominated by former president George H.W. Bush in 1991. He was confirmed by the Senate in a 52-48 vote and joined the court on Oct. 23, 1991.

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Thomas replaced the first African-American justice on the Supreme Court — Thurgood Marshall — and remains the only black justice.

He was accused of having sexually harassed attorney Anita Hill while he was assistant secretary of the Department of Education and chairman of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.

Elena Kagen: Democrat nominee

Elena Kagan, Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.
Elena Kagan, Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. Wikimedia

Kagan was nominated by former president Barack Obama. She took her seat on Aug. 7, 2010, after a 63-37 vote in the Senate.

She was briefly U.S. solicitor general before being nominated by Obama.

Sonia Sotomayor: Democrat nominee

In this May 2, 2013 file photo, Supreme Court Justice Sonia Sotomayor is seen in Denver
In this May 2, 2013 file photo, Supreme Court Justice Sonia Sotomayor is seen in Denver. AP Photo/Brennan Linsley, File

Sotomayor, 64, was nominated by Obama. She joined the court on Aug. 8, 2009, after a 68-31 vote in the Senate.

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Sotomayor is the first Hispanic justice and is a former prosecutor and trial judge.

Stephen Breyer: Democrat nominee

In this Feb. 13, 2017 file photo, Supreme Court Justice Stephen Breyer listens in Boston.
In this Feb. 13, 2017 file photo, Supreme Court Justice Stephen Breyer listens in Boston. AP Photo/Steven Senne

Breyer, 80, was nominated to the court by former president Bill Clinton. He joined the court on Aug. 3, 1994, after the Senate voted 87-9.

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Judiciary Committee chair says Trump Supreme Court nominee’s qualifications should outweigh politics – Oct 12, 2020

He spent time on the First Circuit Court of Appeals and was considered for a Supreme Court nomination in 1991 but Clinton nominated Ginsburg instead. Clinton went back to Breyer when a spot came up in 1994.

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— With files from Reuters and the Associated Press