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Who is Alexei Navalny? Longtime Putin critic allegedly poisoned

Click to play video 'Putin opponent Alexei Navalny in coma under suspicious circumstances' Putin opponent Alexei Navalny in coma under suspicious circumstances
WATCH: Russian opposition leader Alexei Navalny is now in a coma fighting for his life. But what made him ill? As Redmond Shannon reports, the politician is the latest critic of President Vladimir Putin to have suffered a similar fate.
Russian opposition politician Alexei Navalny was in a coma in a Siberian hospital on Thursday after drinking a cup of tea that his spokeswoman said she believed was laced with poison.
Click to play video 'Russian opposition leader Navalny leaves hospital after apparent poisoning' Russian opposition leader Navalny leaves hospital after apparent poisoning
Russian opposition leader Navalny leaves hospital after apparent poisoning

Here are some key details about Navalny:

OVERVIEW

A leading anti-corruption campaigner, Navalny was one of the first protest leaders arrested when demonstrations against Russian President Vladimir Putin took off in December 2011.

Read more: Russian opposition politician Alexei Navalny in coma after possible poisoning

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He soon became established as one of the leaders of the Russian opposition, though internal squabbling and policy differences among different factions have often divided the movement.

He has been barred from taking part in elections on various grounds which he says are trumped up by the Kremlin, but has used social media to mobilize crowds of mostly young protesters.

Click to play video 'Russia’s Navalny back in jail after being discharged from hospital following suspected poisoning' Russia’s Navalny back in jail after being discharged from hospital following suspected poisoning
Russia’s Navalny back in jail after being discharged from hospital following suspected poisoning

Navalny is best known inside Russia for producing detailed and high-impact investigations into official corruption which he posts on his YouTube channel. They gain millions of views.

BRUSHES WITH AUTHORITY

He has been repeatedly detained for organizing public meetings and rallies and was barred from leaving Moscow in July this year while authorities investigated him for suspected slander.

Read more: Moscow protest over Putin’s political shake-up diluted amid other demonstrations

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His anti-corruption foundation has been found guilty of violating a “foreign agent” law and he was convicted of corruption by Russian authorities in 2013. His supporters say it and other cases against him are politically motivated.

EARLY LIFE

The son of an army officer, he was born on June 4, 1976 and grew up mainly in Obninsk, about 100 km (62 miles) southwest of Moscow. He has a law degree, and spent time in the United States on a fellowship at Yale.

Click to play video 'Russian opposition leader Navalny arrested after Moscow police break into office' Russian opposition leader Navalny arrested after Moscow police break into office
Russian opposition leader Navalny arrested after Moscow police break into office

He also studied securities and exchanges and bought small stakes in some of Russia’s biggest companies to demand greater transparency for shareholders and the public.

He was once an outspoken Russian nationalist, expelled from a liberal opposition party for his views.

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Click to play video 'Trump ‘to be briefed’ on Alexi Navalny’s situation after alleged poisoning' Trump ‘to be briefed’ on Alexi Navalny’s situation after alleged poisoning
Trump ‘to be briefed’ on Alexi Navalny’s situation after alleged poisoning