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Why this year’s flu season could be particularly dangerous for kids

Click to play video: 'More cases of influenza B diagnosed, putting kids at risk' More cases of influenza B diagnosed, putting kids at risk
WATCH: 'Tis the season — for the flu. As Heather Yourex-West explains, cases of a lesser known flu, influenza B, are spiking, and children are especially vulnerable. – Dec 24, 2019

According to the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC), the country is seeing an unusually high number of influenza B cases this season.

Type B flu causes more severe illness in children and has been linked to sudden cardiac death.

“I don’t think there is conclusive knowledge as to why, but we do [know] that children especially are affected by it much more than adults,” said Dr. Phillip van der Merwe, a Calgary family doctor.

READ MORE: Number of flu-related deaths in Alberta this season jumps to 6: AHS

So far this season, more than 3,200 cases of flu have been reported across Canada since the end of August.

Of those cases, 1,357 were classified as Type B, with 63 per cent of those patients under the age of 20.

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Click to play video: 'Alberta sees spike in flu cases, including 3 deaths' Alberta sees spike in flu cases, including 3 deaths
Alberta sees spike in flu cases, including 3 deaths – Dec 12, 2019

The best protection against influenza is the flu vaccine, which protects against two strains of A and two strains of B.

READ MORE: Flu forecast 2019: Here’s what to expect from this year’s flu season

“Because we have a circulating B strain, the vaccine does tend to work better against flu B, so it’s a good one to get,” said Dr. Jia Hu, medical officer of health for Alberta Health Services in Calgary.

H3N2 and H1N1, two strains of influenza A, are also circulating in Canada this year.

H3N2 is typically associated with more severe illness in older adults, while H1N1 typically impacts younger adults between 20 and 64.

The latest FluWatch surveillance report shows an increase in flu activity through most of Alberta, the B.C. Lower Mainland, southern Ontario and parts of Quebec.

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Click to play video: 'After slow start, flu season to ramp up in Alberta' After slow start, flu season to ramp up in Alberta
After slow start, flu season to ramp up in Alberta – Dec 24, 2019

Flu season typically peaks after Christmas, because air travel, large family gatherings or trips to busy shopping malls allow the virus to easily spread.

“The problem with the virus, too, is that you’re most infectious before you have symptoms,” said Dr. Peter Nieman, a Calgary pediatrician.

“So for 24 hours before you know there’s trouble, that’s when you start infecting people.”

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