January 27, 2019 5:24 pm
Updated: January 27, 2019 9:14 pm

Maduro oversees military exercises as pressure mounts on Venezuelan leader

WATCH: Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro continued to face pressure on Sunday and spoke about military preparations as he oversaw exercises, saying it showed he had the backing of the military.

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Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro oversaw a display of the army’s Russian hardware on Sunday, with anti-aircraft flak and tank rounds pounding a hillside to show military force and loyalty in the face of an international ultimatum to call fresh elections.

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Maduro, 56, is confronting an unprecedented challenge to his authority after opposition leader Juan Guaido declared himself interim president citing a fraudulent election. Guaido has won wide international support and offers amnesty to soldiers who join him. On Sunday, Israel joined the countries backing the 35-year-old leader.

Early on Sunday, flanked by Defense Minister Vladimir Padrino, Maduro watched a platoon of soldiers release volleys of rocket-propelled grenades, machine gun anti-aircraft fire and tank rounds at hillside targets, the Russian ordnance kicking up clouds of dust at the Fort of Paramacay, an armored vehicle base.

READ MORE: Russia sent private military contractors to Venezuela to guard Maduro, sources say

Maduro said the display showed the world he has the backing of the military, and that Venezuela’s armed forces are ready to defend the country. Maduro says Guaido is taking part in a coup directed by U.S. President Donald Trump’s hardline policy advisers, who include Cold War veterans John Bolton and Elliott Abrams.

“Nobody respects the weak, cowards, traitors. In this world what’s respected is the brave, the courageous, power,” Maduro said as the dust settled on the base.

WATCH: Venezuela’s crisis deepens as opposition pushes to oust Maduro

“Nobody should even think of stepping on this sacred soil. Venezuela wants peace..and to guarantee peace, we have to be prepared,” he said. From Feb. 10-15 the military is planning larger military exercises that Maduro described as the “most important in the history of Venezuela.”

Venezuela’s President Nicolas Maduro and his wife Cilia Flores are seen atop a military vehicle during a military exercise in Puerto Cabello, Venezuela Jan. 27, 2019.

Miraflores Palace/Handout via REUTERS

The show of force was accompanied by a government publicity campaign online based on the slogan “Always Loyal, Never a Traitor,” and followed a high-profile defection by the country’s top military diplomat in the United States on Saturday.

The Fort of Paramacay, about two hours west of the Capital Caracas, was itself the site of an uprising in 2017, when a group of about 20 soldiers and armed civilians attacked the base. The leader of the attack, which was quickly subdued, said he was calling for a transition government.

WATCH: Political crisis in Venezuela as military backs Maduro

Maduro on Sunday denounced an alleged conspiracy aimed at spreading rebellion in the army, saying thousands of messages were being sent to soldiers every day over Whatsapp and other social media platforms from neighboring Colombia. He later jogged with soldiers and visited a Navy base.

Guaido also sent a message to the military on Sunday, asking for their support and ordering them not to repress civilians during an event in which supporters handed out copies of a proposed amnesty for people accused of crimes in the Maduro government.

“I order you not to shoot,” he said. “I order you not to repress the people.”

READ MORE: Canada’s recognition of Juan Guaido as true Venezuelan leader was months in the making

At United Nation’s Security Council debate on Saturday, Russia and China strongly backed Maduro and rejected calls by the United States, Canada, Latin American nations and European powers for early elections.

Both Russia and China are major creditors to Venezuela. Since the government of Maduro‘s late mentor Hugo Chavez, the OPEC nation has invested heavily in Russian weaponry, including Sukhoi fighter jets and heavy armory.

WATCH: Top Venezuelan diplomat breaks with Maduro

The strategic alliance was in evidence last year, when two Russian nuclear-capable bombers landed in Venezuela. Reuters reported on Friday that private military contractors who do secret missions for Russia flew into Venezuela to beef up security for Maduro.

No elections

In an interview that aired on Sunday, Maduro rejected a European ultimatum to call elections within eight days and said Guaido violated the constitution by declaring himself interim leader.

“Fortunately, we don’t depend on Europe. And those arrogant, overbearing attitudes, looking down on us, because we are ‘sudacas,’ inferior to them. That European elite is finished with, that European elite doesn’t represent the European people,” he told CNN Turk.

“The leaders of Europe are sycophants, kneeling behind the policies of Donald Trump,” he said, adding that he was open to dialog and that meeting Trump was improbable but not impossible.

WATCH: Kremlin says Maduro is Venezuela’s legitimate president

Washington on Saturday urged the world to “pick a side” on Venezuela and financially disconnect from Maduro‘s government.

White House national security adviser John Bolton warned on Sunday against violence or intimidation of American diplomats in Venezuela or Guaido, saying such action would trigger a response from the United States.

READ MORE: U.S. secretary of state tells nations to ‘pick a side’ on Venezuela

Venezuela has sunk into turmoil under Maduro with food shortages and protests amid an economic and political crisis that has sparked mass emigration and inflation that is seen rising to 10 million percent this year.

Britain, Germany, France and Spain all said they would recognize Guaido if Maduro failed to call fresh elections within eight days, an ultimatum Russia said was “absurd” and the Venezuelan foreign minister called “childlike.”

WATCH: Maduro softens demands on U.S. diplomats to leave Venezuela

Washington, Canada, most Latin American nations and many European states say Maduro stole his second-term election win last May. The former bus driver and union leader cruised to victory after blocking the main opposition candidates from running. Turnout was low.

Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan had voiced his support for Maduro in a phone call on Thursday.

WATCH: Venezuelan opposition leader declares himself president, gets Canadian, U.S. support

© 2019 Reuters

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