January 11, 2018 11:21 am

New research could help early Alzheimer’s detection

WATCH: January is Alzheimer's Awareness Month and while research has still not produced a cure, scientists are working to develop a wide range of therapies to slow the disease. Raquel Fletcher has the story.

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Quebec City researchers have created a new tool, called the Quoco test, to help family doctors evaluate a patient’s mental capacity.

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“What is the normal decline between 80 and 90 years old?” said family physician Patrick Bernier.

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“Everyone has a decline with aging, but we didn’t have – before this – we didn’t have a tool to measure this.”

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Bernier is one of the researchers behind the Quoco test, along with six others, including biostatistician Pierre-Hugues Carmichael.

Carmichael explained the test uses scores from a standard questionnaire, called the Mini-mental state examination (MMSE).

“The doctor then will use your age and your education to establish your baseline cognition essentially,” he said.

The test is available from the app store for $4, but has been designed with GPs in mind.

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The researchers hope all family doctors in Quebec will download it in order to start diagnosing dementia earlier.

“We want to catch Alzheimer’s as early as possible,” Carmichael said.

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In Montreal, a group of researchers using MRI has made new discoveries that could also help with early detection.

“We know now that people start to develop a pathology in their brain a decade before the symptoms start,” said Montreal Neurological Institute researcher Christine Tardif.

“More and more, what’s emerging is that there are techniques and methodologies, whether they be pharmaceuticals or lifestyle changes, that people can make that can delay or maybe even stave off completely the onset of this horrible disease,” said Douglas Institute and McGill University researcher Mallar Chakravarty.

 

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