Arizona’s 160-year-old ban on nearly all abortions can be enforced, court rules

Click to play video: 'Arizona abortion ruling: Fallout grows after state Supreme Court upholds 1864 law'
Arizona abortion ruling: Fallout grows after state Supreme Court upholds 1864 law
WATCH: After a bombshell ruling by Arizona's Supreme Court that upheld a strict abortion law put in place more than 160 years ago, the fallout is growing and the state's attorney general says she has no intention of enforcing the law – Apr 11, 2024

The Arizona Supreme Court ruled Tuesday that the state can enforce its long-dormant law criminalizing all abortions except when a mother’s life is at stake.

The case examined whether the state is still subject to a law that predates Arizona’s statehood. The 1864 law provides no exceptions for rape or incest, but allows abortions if a mother’s life is in danger. The state’s high court ruling reviewed a 2022 decision by the state Court of Appeals that said doctors couldn’t be charged for performing the procedure in the first 15 weeks of pregnancy.

An older court decision blocked enforcing the 1864 law shortly after the U.S. Supreme Court issued the 1973 Roe v. Wade decision guaranteeing a constitutional right to an abortion. After the U.S. Supreme Court overturned Roe v. Wade in June 2022, then state Attorney General Mark Brnovich, a Republican, persuaded a state judge in Tucson to lift the block on enforcing the 1864 law.

Story continues below advertisement
Click to play video: 'Abortion rights shaping U.S. politics ahead of 2024 presidential election'
Abortion rights shaping U.S. politics ahead of 2024 presidential election

Brnovich’s Democratic successor, Attorney General Kris Mayes, had urged the state’s high court to side with the Court of Appeals and hold the 1864 law in abeyance. Since the U.S. Supreme Court’s 2022 decision ending a nationwide right to abortion, most Republican-controlled states have started enforcing new bans or restrictions and most Democrat-dominated ones have sought to protect abortion access.

Breaking news from Canada and around the world sent to your email, as it happens.

Currently, 14 states are enforcing bans on abortion at all stages of pregnancy, with limited exceptions. Two states ban the procedure once cardiac activity can be detected, which is about six weeks into pregnancy and often before women realize they’re pregnant.

Nearly every ban has been challenged with a lawsuit. Courts have blocked enforcing some restrictions, including bans throughout pregnancy in Utah and Wyoming.

Click to play video: 'U.S. Supreme Court hears crucial abortion pill case'
U.S. Supreme Court hears crucial abortion pill case

A proposal pending before the Arizona Legislature that would repeal the 1864 law hasn’t received a committee hearing this year. “Today’s decision to reimpose a law from a time when Arizona wasn’t a state, the Civil War was raging, and women couldn’t even vote will go down in history as a stain on our state,” Mayes said Tuesday.

Story continues below advertisement

“And let me be completely clear, as long as I am Attorney General, no woman or doctor will be prosecuted under this draconian law in this state,” she added in a statement.

The justices said the state can start enforcing the law in 14 days.

Sponsored content