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U.S. deficit nears $1 trillion — the largest it’s been in 7 years

This Sept. 18, 2019, photo shows the view of the U.S. Capitol building from the Washington Monument in Washington.
This Sept. 18, 2019, photo shows the view of the U.S. Capitol building from the Washington Monument in Washington. AP Photo/Patrick Semansky

The U.S. government ended fiscal year 2019 with the largest budget deficit in seven years as gains in tax receipts were offset by higher spending and growing debt service payments, the Treasury Department said on Friday.

It is the first time since the early 1980s that the budget gap has widened over four consecutive years. The figures reflect the second full budget year under U.S. President Donald Trump, a Republican, and come at a time when the country has an expanding tax base with moderate economic growth and an unemployment rate currently near a 50-year low.

The U.S. budget deficit widened to $984 billion, which was 4.6 per cent of the nation’s gross domestic product. The previous fiscal year deficit was $779 billion, with a deficit-to-GDP-ratio of 3.8 per cent. Total receipts increased by four per cent to $3.5 trillion but outlays rose by 8.2 per cent to $4.4 trillion.

READ MORE: Federal government ran $14 billion deficit in 2018-19

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“Americans from all walks of life are flourishing again thanks to pro-growth policies enacted by this administration,” Acting Office of Management and Budget Director Russ Vought said in a statement accompanying the figures.

The deficit reached a peak of $1.4 trillion in 2009 as the Obama administration and Congress took emergency measures to shore up the nation’s banking system during the global financial crisis and provide stimulus to an economy in recession.

The annual budget deficit had been reduced to $585 billion by the end of former President Barack Obama’s second term in 2016 and Republicans in Congress during that time criticized Obama, a Democrat, for not reducing it further.

Since then, the budget deficit has jumped due in part to the Republican’s overhaul of the tax system, which in the short term reduced revenues, and an increase in military spending. By the end of fiscal 2019, corporate tax payments were up five per cent. Customs duties, which have been boosted by the Trump administration’s levying of tariffs on China and others, were up 70 per cent year-on-year to a record high.

U.S. federal debt reaches historic new highs
U.S. federal debt reaches historic new highs

GROWING DEFICITS

“This is an administration that came in talking about reducing the deficit and over their term in office, they’ve quite frankly been increasing,” said Bill Hoagland, Senior Vice President at the Bipartisan Policy Center. “We normally reduce deficits in times of growth.”

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The economy grew 2.9 per cent in 2018 but activity is slowing as the stimulus from the $1.5 trillion tax cut package fades and the prolonged U.S-China trade war weighs on business investment.

There was higher spending on defense, healthcare and social security programs, the data showed. The United States has an aging population and economists have warned that the cost of mandatory spending on Social Security and Medicare as well as federal retirement programs for the elderly will be fiscally unsustainable.

READ MORE: U.S. deficit grows to $779 billion — a 17 per cent increase over last year

Earlier this year the U.S. Congress passed a two-year budget deal backed by Trump that would increase federal spending on defense and other domestic programs.

Some of the widening of the deficit came from more spending on interest payments on the national debt. Borrowing has increased over the past year.

For September, the U.S. government recorded an $83 billion surplus, a 31 per cent drop from the same month last year. When accounting for calendar adjustments, the surplus last month was $17 billion compared with an adjusted surplus of $51 billion the previous year. For the fiscal year, the adjusted deficit was $1 trillion.

Outlays were $291 billion in September, up 30 per cent from the same month a year earlier while receipts totaled $374 billion, an increase of nine per cent from the year-ago month.

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