MEXICO CITY – There is about a 40 per cent chance of concluding the renegotiation of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) before Mexico’s presidential election on July 1, Mexican Economy Minister Ildefonso Guajardo said on Friday.
The United States, Mexico and Canada have been bogged down in trade negotiations for the past nine months, with progress held up by U.S. demands to impose tougher minimum content requirements for vehicles built in the region.
For a deal to be struck to rework the 24-year-old accord, U.S. negotiators would need to show flexibility, Guajardo said.
“I think there’s a 40 per cent probability of being able to conclude it before (July 1),” he told Mexican television.
If not, there was about an 80 per cent chance of finishing the renegotiation before the U.S. mid-term congressional elections in November, Guajardo added.
U.S. President Donald Trump wants to change the auto rules to create more manufacturing jobs in the United States. He blames lower-cost Mexico for the loss of U.S. employment.
Guajardo said it was important to agree a new NAFTA deal as quickly as possible, but not at the expense of quality.
On Thursday, Mexican President Enrique Pena Nieto expressed optimism about the process after a phone call with Prime Minister Justin Trudeau. Still, talks were complicated this week by a U.S. probe looking at auto tariffs.
Canada’s government said that during the call, the two discussed their “strong concerns” about the so-called Section 232 investigation by the United States into whether imports from around the world were harming the U.S. automobile industry.
Guajardo said talks should not be distracted by the U.S. probe, which he noted had been lampooned in the United States, describing the initiative as a “fireworks display.”
Mexico has proposed that 70 per cent of overall content of a vehicle made in North America come from the region, countering a U.S. proposal of 75 per cent for high-value parts.
The United States also wants 40 per cent of auto content to be sourced from areas paying at least $16 hour. Mexico has proposed that 20 per cent of any auto made in the region be from high-wage areas, an industry source briefed on it said.
Guajardo also denied there was a rift between him and Foreign Minister Luis Videgaray over the NAFTA talks. He was responding to media reports that Videgaray was pushing for a quick deal, while he was holding out for a better one.
Guajardo also addressed suggestions by the front runner in the presidential election, leftist Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, that the NAFTA negotiation should be postponed until the next Mexican government takes office in December.
In reality, whoever was the next president did not want to have to take office faced with NAFTA, he said. “Deep down, what they want is for this problem to be taken from them.”