Ever wonder why some members of your family seem immune to a stomach bug that leaves others out of commission for days?
It turns out people’s resistance to certain germs may come down to their DNA, according to a study published in this month’s Journal of Infectious Diseases.
For their experiment, researchers at Duke University made 30 healthy adults drink an E. coli-tainted slurry. Six of the participants came down with severe stomach symptoms, while six showed no symptoms at all.
The blood of both groups was then examined in the hopes of figuring out what differentiated them. The conclusion? There may be genetic traits that can increase or decrease a person’s chances of being infected after exposure to a bacteria.
“We found there were [genetic] differences with the subjects that seemed to predict who would become sick,” explained Dr. Ephraim Tsalik, an assistant professor of medicine at Duke.
“The discovery of those genes for this particular biology is new. They had not previously been implicated in the resilience to infection.”
Dietrich Stephan, a professor and chairman of the department of human genetics at the University of Pittsburgh, told NBC’s Today that he finds the study “intriguing” and that he’d like to see the findings replicated with more participants.
Tsalik agrees and says while more research needs to be done, this discovery is a promising first step. He believes further investigations could help create better treatments or even help identify how to stop infections before they start.
“Instead of trying to treat [someone] once [they’ve] got an infection, we can find something — maybe it’s dietary, maybe it’s supplements, or medications — for people who are particularly susceptible.”
Treatment could prove particularly valuable in an outbreak situation.
“If you can find something that is less disruptive to a person’s biology than taking antibiotics — and you can provide some element of protection as they’re about to go into an known high-risk environment — that could be a great application for these sorts of findings.”Follow @TrishKozicka
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