Arctic glaciers and the North Pole ice cap have retreated, in recent years, further than ever before with temperatures there rising faster than anywhere else on the planet.
The United Nations Environment Programme says global warming is almost certainly responsible for the decrease in extent and thickness of Arctic sea ice.
Glaciers in Norway and Greenland have retreated faster in the past ten years than over the decades since scientists started measuring their size and movement.
Recent studies have found the Arctic ice sheet is actually progressively melting faster than forecasted.
According to the Snow and Ice Data Center based in Colorado, last winter’s maximum Arctic sea ice extent was the lowest in the satellite record.
© 2015 The Canadian Press