The federal Liberals plan to spend $1 billion over the next six months so cities and housing providers can buy properties being sold because of the COVID-19 pandemic and use them to keep people from becoming homeless.
The details of the program unveiled Monday fill what was seen as a gap in the Liberals’ decade-long national housing strategy.
The Liberals say the program will create 3,000 new affordable housing units across Canada, and want all the funds committed by the end of March 2021, when the federal fiscal year finishes.
Municipalities, provinces, territories, Indigenous governing bodies and agencies as well as non-profit organizations can tap into the money that for now appears to be a one-time program.
Social Development Minister Ahmed Hussen said the program will only take applications for projects to quickly build or buy units that would also serve vulnerable populations like women fleeing domestic violence, or people at immediate risk of becoming homeless.
He said he expects most of the money to go out the door before the federal fiscal year closes, and promised quick turnaround times on applications.
“It’s the right thing to do, but it’s also the economically smart thing to do,” Hussen said in an interview.
“All the costs associated with the services provided to people on the street, the criminal justice costs, the health costs, policing — all of that is way more than the cost of that project. So we have to be smart as a country to always look for more innovative solutions to house people rapidly.”
Hussen wouldn’t say if the money would become an annual commitment, but it came two days before the Liberals unveil their throne speech that is expected to include new pledges on affordable housing.
The government considered the property acquisition program for months as a way to keep people from falling into homelessness heading into the winter, with temporary shelter measures for the COVID-19 pandemic set to expire.
Some cities like Toronto and Edmonton have rented hotel rooms to accommodate people while shelter capacity is reduced to allow for physical spacing, but they’re badly stretched financially.
On top of the money for purchases, Ottawa plans to sink an additional $237 million into the federal homelessness strategy that could be used to find additional emergency shelter space.
Tim Richter, president of the Canadian Alliance to End Homelessness, said the increased risk homeless people face in contracting COVID-19 could become worse with a second wave of the pandemic.
The two funding announcements give communities the resources they need to move quickly to purchase buildings they’ve been using, like hotels, or possibly convert shelters into permanent housing, he said.
Edmonton Mayor Don Iveson said Monday he was “very pleased” to hear about Ottawa’s plan.
“The billion dollars is a huge step forward,” he said. “It’s not quite sufficient to the scale of the need that we see, but it’s a huge indication from the government that they agree that there’s an opportunity here.
“We’ll be looking to the throne speech on Wednesday to see what the government’s plans are to meet the other needs — hopefully just as urgent as they’ve moved with this first billing, which is a very, very good start.”
Iveson said he wasn’t sure how exactly the funds would be distributed across the country.
“We’ll be looking eagerly to see how this money is going to be pushed out,” he said. “We think the capacity is greatest and the need is greatest in the larger cities.”
The mayor said it’s his understanding the federal government will be working directly with municipalities and service providers to distribute the financial support. Edmonton would be putting the money to use by retrofitting current buildings and also potentially creating modular housing options, Iveson said.
“The quickest way to support people, including those folks who are in our camps right now and in the river valley sleeping rough and at shelters where maybe they’d be better to isolate in their own unit, would be to purchase existing buildings like hotels and motels and get people into them before we freeze up this winter.
“There’s more work to do after this billion but I hope this can flow very quickly, we can show success with it and that we can continue to scale up the opportunity to end homelessness in short order in this country.”
Federation of Canadian Municipalities president Bill Karsten said in a statement that the overall funding is a good foundation, calling for “rapidly scaling up” from what he called important first steps.
“From Toronto to Edmonton to Calgary to Victoria, we have people living in tent encampments trying to maintain physical distance,” the Halifax councillor said.
“With winter, flu season, and a possible second wave of COVID-19 all bearing down, going slow is simply not an option.”
What’s needed as a next step is a retooling of existing programs to refocus the national housing strategy towards the short-term strains caused by the pandemic, said Leilani Farha, global director of The Shift, a housing-rights group.
She joined a group of municipal leaders, who call themselves the Right to Home Municipal Working Group, that asked governments on Monday to better protect renters in arrears and facing eviction, and small landlords who have a borne much of the economic impact from the pandemic.
“We’re seeing some really interesting movement from government, but I’m fearful that . . . they’re not grappling with the whole (picture),” Farha said.
— With files from Emily Mertz, Global News