CARACAS — A high-ranking Venezuelan general called on the armed forces to rebel against President Nicolas Maduro and to recognize the opposition leader Juan Guaido as the interim chief as huge crowds rallied against the head of state, adding pressure on Maduro to step down.
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The military’s support is crucial for the embattled Maduro, who is deeply unpopular in large part due to an unprecedented economic crisis that has prompted an exodus of millions from the country. Maduro claims he is the victim of a coup directed by the United States.
The general’s defection came as tens of thousands of opposition supporters, many sporting clothes in the yellow, blue and red colours of the Venezuelan flag, turned out at rallies nationwide to protest against Maduro and show support for Guaido.
The United States, along with many countries in the western hemisphere, has recognized Guaido as the legitimate president, arguing that Maduro stole his second term. The U.S. imposed potentially crippling sanctions this week that are likely to further weaken the OPEC nation’s struggling oil industry.
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While small rebellions against Maduro have broken out in Venezuela’s armed forces in recent months, there has been no large-scale military uprising against him.
“People of Venezuela, 90 per cent of the armed forces of Venezuela are not with the dictator. They are with the people of Venezuela,” Gen. Francisco Yanez of the air force’s high command said in a video circulating on Twitter on Saturday.
“Given the happenings of the last few hours, already the transition to democracy is imminent.”
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On its Twitter account, the air force’s high command accused the general of treason.
Yanez is the first active Venezuelan general to recognize Guaido since he proclaimed himself president on Jan. 23. Venezuela’s chief military attache to the United States also said he was defecting last week.
Canada and several Latin American nations have already officially recognized Guiado. Some European Union member states are expected to officially recognize Guaido next week, while others will likely take a more cautious stance of support.
“We are going to send a very clear message in all the municipalities of Venezuela and in each city of the world, we are going to give a demonstration of strength, in a pacific and organized manner,” Guaido tweeted on Saturday.
Mireanna Fernandez, a 20-year-old student at a protest in the eastern city of Ciudad Guayana, said that before Guaido’s Jan. 23 proclamation, she wanted to leave Venezuela, but now she had hope that Maduro’s government would end.
“I have no quality of life, I can’t go out onto the streets. My university is falling apart: they’ve closed classrooms, there are no teachers,” she said.
“It’s time they leave.”
Maduro will also hold a rally on Saturday to commemorate the 20th anniversary of late socialist leader Hugo Chavez’s first inauguration as president in 1999.
“Today is the anniversary of 20 years of work, fight, advances and important achievements, despite the difficulties and imperial conspiracies,” the president said on Twitter.
“Congratulations to all.”
Supporters of the “chavismo” movement founded by Chavez gathered on Caracas’ Bolivar Avenue for the government rally on Saturday morning.
“For us Venezuelans, there is only one president — President Nicolas Maduro,” said Gregory Carrasquel, 35. “The other is someone who is being led to carry out a coup.”
“(U.S. President Donald) Trump is imposing measures because he is the dictator of the world and thinks we are his slaves.”
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Washington has imposed sweeping sanctions on state-owned oil firm PDVSA in the toughest financial challenge yet to Maduro as the Trump administration openly seeks to push him from power.
Venezuela is suffering from hyperinflation, produce shortages and a mass migration of citizens to neighbouring Latin American countries — a situation likely to be worsened in the short term by the new sanctions.
Guaido has declared himself interim president in a direct challenge to Maduro’s rule but still has no control over state institutions or any functions of day-to-day governance.
Maduro’s adversaries say he has run roughshod over democratic institutions, including the opposition-run congress, and destroyed the once-buoyant economy through a corruption-riddled exchange control system and arbitrary nationalizations.