Advertisement

Here’s how to see and photograph the Perseid meteor shower on Aug. 12-13

Click to play video 'Perseid meteor shower highlights 2017 summer of space' Perseid meteor shower highlights 2017 summer of space
ABOVE: Perseid meteor shower highlights 2017 summer of space – Aug 13, 2017

The annual Perseid meteor shower is set to peak this weekend, driving stargazers away from city lights to watch and capture arguably the most popular celestial event of the year.

Each year Earth plows through a stream of debris from 109P/Swift-Tuttle, a comet that orbits the sun once every 133 years. As the debris enters our atmosphere, it burns up creating meteors, “shooting stars” and sometimes fireballs. As NASA explains fireballs are generally larger explosions of light and colour that may linger longer than an average meteor streak.

WATCH: Time-lapse video captures Perseid’s peak (2016)
Click to play video 'Time-lapse video captures Perseid’s peak' Time-lapse video captures Perseid’s peak
Time-lapse video captures Perseid’s peak – Aug 12, 2016

It takes about three weeks for Earth to plow through the debris field, allowing for some meteors to be visible as early as July 17 to Aug. 24, according to NASA. The rate of visible meteors increases as it nears the peak of the event before slowly trailing off.

Story continues below advertisement

READ MORE: Dash-cam video shot in Edmonton area captures strange bright light falling from the sky

Click to play video 'Man captures video of strange bright light in the sky while driving northeast of Edmonton' Man captures video of strange bright light in the sky while driving northeast of Edmonton
Man captures video of strange bright light in the sky while driving northeast of Edmonton – Jan 17, 2018

This year’s show peaks on the moonless night of Aug. 12 from 4 p.m. EDT until 4 a.m. the following morning. During this year’s peak, stargazers can expect to see 60 to 70 meteors per hour.

The Perseids are named for the constellation from which they appear to originate, in this case Perseus, which is visible in the northern sky shortly after sunset in August. NASA notes that you don’t have to be looking directly at the constellation to see the shooting stars; some meteors will be visible directly overheard.

WATCH: What causes meteor showers?
Click to play video 'What causes meteor showers?' What causes meteor showers?
What causes meteor showers? – Aug 5, 2016

If you’re hoping to get a glimpse of the celestial event, and perhaps photograph it, here are some viewing tips.

Story continues below advertisement

Get away from city lights

It goes without saying, if you want to see the stars, you are going to have to get away from light pollution from major city centres and head to a dark spot.

Bring a tripod

Typically when photographing the night sky, it requires longer exposures to the likes of at least 15 seconds to 40 or more depending on your camera, and the effect you’re going for. So, that means you’ll need to mount the camera on a tripod to prevent shaky hands from blurring and running your image. Heavier tripods tend to work better, as they tend to stand up to slight wind gusts or even ground movement caused by the vibrations of walking nearby. If you are using a lighter tripod, you can use sandbags or personal belongings placed at the feet of the tripod to hold it steady.

Lenses

It’s best to choose the widest angle lens you have in your kit as it allows for you to capture more of the night’s sky, creating a better chance of recording a shooting star. The lower the lens’ aperture the better to let in as much light in as possible; use something like f2.8 or f1.8.

Remote shutter release or self-timer

It’s a good idea to use the camera’s self-timer or a remote shutter release to trigger the start of the exposure so you don’t run the risk of moving your camera when pressing the button. Even when mounted on a tripod, the slightest camera shake can affect the sharpness and quality of the image.

Story continues below advertisement

Exposure

Exposure setting can be tricky. As Earth rotates, the stars also appear to move and the longer the exposure, the more likely the chance you will capture the movement. To find a starting point, the best thing to do is figure out the longest exposure time before capturing star trails. You can do that by using the 600 or 500 Rule. On a full-frame camera, take 500 and divide by the length of the lens. The final number will be the maximum length of time in seconds before your camera will begin to record star trails.

For example: Shooting with a 24mm lens would be 500 divided by 24, giving you the base of 21 seconds.

READ MORE: NASA’s rover finds more evidence that life on Mars may be possible

As for aperture and ISO, it’s best shoot at the maximum f-stop (smallest number) your lens allows in order to capture the most amount. And as for the ISO, typically anywhere from 1600 to 3200 is recommended.

Finally, be sure to check the weather before heading out with all your gear. If the weather is cooperating during the peak of the meteor shower, you still have some time to capture shooting stars until Aug. 24.