January 26, 2016 4:00 pm
Updated: January 26, 2016 6:01 pm

The least affordable places in Canada are…

WATCH: Data from market research company Demographia has ranked the most to least affordable regions to live across Canada.


Home hunters may already have heard this one: Vancouver and Toronto are expensive places to buy a house. Or townhouse. Or condo.

That fact was underscored — yet again — on Tuesday when annual data was released by Demographia, a market researcher, that showed exactly how unaffordable residential property in those centres has become, at least compared to household incomes in those markets.

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The price of an average home in the Toronto area is now 6.7 times the annual median household income. In Vancouver, that ratio jumps to an eye-popping 10.8 — making the city one of the most expensive housing markets in the world.

MORE: Latest coverage — The Great Canadian Housing Boom 

Four out of the country’s five least affordable cities in 2015 were in British Columbia, the U.S.-based researcher said, similar to 2014. Like other housing market experts, Demographia says a home with a price tag that’s more than three times the median income of the area has tipped into being unaffordable to potential buyers.

As late as 2000, home prices in most Canadian markets were defined as affordable. But like other nations such as Australia, that’s changed dramatically in recent years.

The average multiple for a home in Canada is now 3.9 times median income. For major urban markets it jumps to 4.2 times – making them “seriously unaffordable” for median income households.

There is some relief though for those unwilling to borrow more to buy a place in expensive cities. Several markets have average multiples that are still safely within the affordable range, according to Demographia.

Moncton, Saint John, Fredericton, Saguenay, Charlottetown, Trois-Rivieres, Windsor, Sudbury, Thunder Bay and Kingston are the 10 most affordable cities in the country, by multiple relative to local incomes.

MORE: Canada’s housing correction is ‘already happening’ say experts 

Here’s a look at all 34 Canadian markets assessed in the report, ranked from most to least affordable.

Click here to view data »

“Among all markets, housing in Canada is moderately unaffordable with a median multiple of 3.9,” Demographia said.

Click here to view data »

Canada had a “seriously unaffordable” major market median multiple of 4.2 in 2015, the report said. “Vancouver ranked as the third least affordable major market in this year’s survey,” and was rated the fourth most vulnerable to “real estate bubble risk.”

Click here to view data »

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