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Ash tree-killing beetle detected in Fredericton

An adult emerald ash borer is shown in this photo released by Michigan State University. THE CANADIAN PRESS/AP-HO-, Michigan State University, David Cappaert

The City of Fredericton says it’s concerned for its parks after detecting a new threat to ash trees: the emerald ash borer.

The beetle first found its way to North America in the 1990s, and has since killed millions of ash trees on the continent.

It was first detected in Fredericton earlier this month. Now, the City says it is taking action to limit the spread of the beetle.

“Select significant City trees will be identified for treatment,” read a Fredericton news release on Thursday.

“This is not a long-term solution, however, and it is not available for all ash trees on City property due to the expensive nature of the treatment. Homeowners may choose to treat their ash trees.”

Read more: Researchers in Atlantic Canada say outlook positive for invasive and native insect populations

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According to Natural Resources Canada, up to to 99 per cent of all ash trees are killed within 10 years once the beetle arrives in an area.

“Emerald ash borer infestations cause significant ecological and economic impacts in forested and urban habitats,” reads the NRC website.

These S-shaped grooves caused by the Emerald Ash Borer, are a sign of infection in an ash tree. Supplied / South Nation Conservation Authority

The impact can mean losing urban canopy, which can increase homeowner heating and cooling costs and can also affect people with respiratory illnesses, NCR says.

Fredericton says it has been monitoring the insect’s movement across Canada since 2008.

NCR says that no North American natural predators or parasites have been able to slow the spread of the emerald ash borer — or keep trees from being killed by it.

Click to play video: 'Researchers say outlook positive for invasive and native insect population' Researchers say outlook positive for invasive and native insect population
Researchers say outlook positive for invasive and native insect population – Feb 6, 2020

The pest was found in Edmundston in 2018, and that year Fredericton asked City staff to create a plan on minimizing the impact of the beetle.

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In addition to treating select trees, the City said in Thursday’s release it will need to remove trees.

Read more: Save your ash, don’t move firewood in Manitoba: Nature Conservancy of Canada

“Removal of ash trees will be necessary to control the rate of spread of the insect and minimize the risk to public safety,” the release said.

“It is recognized that neighbourhoods with a large ash proportion will be impacted greatly.”

However, Fredericton’s plan calls for different tree species to be replanted if an ash tree is removed.

“Staggered removal and replanting of trees, over several years, will result in the least impact on the City’s tree canopy and create a more disease resistant urban forest.”

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