TORONTO – The prime minister defended his government’s prerogative to restrict which foreign state-owned companies can bring their business to Canada, saying Friday that it would be “foolish to provide absolute clarity” when it comes to investment guidelines.
Critics say Canada needs clearer rules for foreign investors, particularly in the light of the Conservative government’s oft-repeated refrain that the country is open for business.
But when it comes to large, state-owned investment proposals, Stephen Harper said there has to be a “margin for the government to exercise its judgement.”
“I think it would be foolish for the Canadian government to provide absolute clarity,” Harper told a Toronto audience on Friday.
“It is absolutely necessary when the investor is a foreign government, for the government of Canada to be able exercise its discretion and have direct conversations with those foreign investors.”
Since the Conservatives came to power in 2006, the Harper government has repeatedly tweaked the Investment Canada Act, making it more restrictive with a recent virtual ban on majority acquisitions in the oil patch by state-owned enterprises.
The government rejected the purchase of Macdonald, Dettwiler and Associates Ltd.’s space business by an American firm in 2008 and the takeover of Potash Corp. by Australia’s BHP Billiton in 2010.
And recently it rejected the sale of Manitoba Telecom Service’s Allstream division to the Egyptian investment group Accelero Capital, citing “national security” concerns.
Last fall, the government kept China’s CNOOC and Malaysia’s Petronas on the hook for months before finally approving their acquisitions in the oil and gas sector, while also amending the rules so that such deals would be unlikely in the future.
Meanwhile, a report released this week from the Asia Pacific Foundation of Canada, in Vancouver, found that while Canada is on the radar for Chinese investors, it is not seen as a destination of choice.
Yet Harper launched a smooth defence Friday.
Calling his government “more interventionist,” Harper said Canadians don’t want to see entire sectors of the economy belong to another country.
“We welcome foreign direct investment of all kinds….but I don’t think as Canadians we would want to see entire sectors of the Canadian economy become predominantly state owned by a foreign country,”he said.
“I don’t think that’s good for the Canadian economy. It’s not the kind of model we’re seeking.”
Harper was speaking at a moderated question and answer session in Toronto that was hosted by Western University’s Ivey School of Business.
During his talk, Harper also said the kind of sweeping trade deal Canada recently inked with the European Union would not be possible with countries like India and China because such a comprehensive agreement is “just not their kind of framework.”
He noted, however, that the new CETA deal -which he calls “big in terms of marketplace and broad in terms of scope” – helps ensure Canada is a strong player in global supply chains.
The prime minister also said the new Canada-EU free trade agreement has “greatly diminished” the country’s chances of getting marginalised.
“It’s our big breakthrough in dealing with the problem of isolation we saw when we came to government,” he said of the deal.
Any negative impact of the deal on Canadian industries would be “short and transitionary,” Harper said.
© 2013 The Canadian Press