Ireland calls referendum on whether to remove women’s ‘duties in the home’ from constitution
Ireland is to hold a referendum to remove a clause in the constitution marking the importance of a woman’s “life within the home” and encouraging mothers to shun employment to fulfil domestic duties, the government announced on Thursday.
The move is the latest to update Ireland’s socially conservative 1937 constitution to reflect a more secular and socially liberal population.
Ireland was long one of Europe’s most socially conservative countries, but in recent decades opinions have changed rapidly as the power of the Roman Catholic Church has waned. A 2015 referendum introduced gay marriage into the constitution and a vote earlier this year allowed access to abortion.
The constitution, which includes a number of references to the country’s traditional Christian ethos, currently contains a clause that “recognizes that by her life within the home, woman gives to the State a support without which the common good cannot be achieved.”
A second clause obliges the state to “endeavor to ensure that mothers shall not be obliged by economic necessity to engage in labor to the neglect of their duties in the home.”
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The government on Thursday passed a motion to delete this “outdated” provision.
“Over 80 years after the Constitution was formally adopted, it is clear that Article 41.2 has no place in our Constitution,” Justice Minister Charlie Flanagan said in a statement.
“It undermines today’s goal to achieve real gender equality by ensuring women have real choices about what to do with their lives,” he said.
The article has been widely criticized, including by the U.N. Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women.
The referendum will take place on the same day as Ireland’s presidential election, which is due by November.
The government in June announced plans to hold a referendum to remove the offense of blasphemy from its constitution on the same day.
There are currently no plans to remove religious references from the constitution, which begins with a reference to “our obligations to our Divine Lord, Jesus Christ.”
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