Papua New Guinea evacuates thousands in path of deadly and ‘unstable’ landslide

Click to play video: 'Papua New Guinea faces another threat after landslide'
Papua New Guinea faces another threat after landslide
WATCH: An evacuation order has been issued in Papua New Guinea, where up to 2,000 people are buried under metres of mud and rock brought on by a disastrous landslide that struck on May 24. Redmond Shannon reports – May 28, 2024

Papua New Guinea ordered thousands of residents to evacuate from the path of a still-active landslide on Tuesday after parts of a mountain collapsed burying at least 2,000 people, according to government estimates.

Officials said the odds of finding survivors were slim, even as relief teams have trickled into the difficult-to-access northern Enga region of the Pacific nation since Friday.

Heavy equipment and aid have been slow to arrive because of the treacherous terrain and tribal unrest in the remote area, forcing the military to escort convoys of relief teams.

The United Nations said that a bridge had collapsed on the main highway to the site, forcing aid convoys to take a longer route.

Residents have been using shovels and their bare hands to search for survivors.

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“The landslide area is very unstable. When we’re up there, we’re regularly hearing big explosions where the mountain is, there are still rocks and debris coming down,” Enga province disaster committee chairperson Sandis Tsaka told Reuters.

Click to play video: 'Papua New Guinea landslide buries more than 2,000 people, officials say'
Papua New Guinea landslide buries more than 2,000 people, officials say

Military personnel had set up checkpoints and were helping move residents to evacuation centers, he said.

The United Nations said on Tuesday six bodies had been recovered so far and the total affected population, including those needing possible evacuation and relocation, was estimated at 7,849.

Papua New Guinea regularly experiences landslides and natural disasters that rarely make headlines, but this is one of the most devastating ones it has seen in recent years.

The government has estimated that more than 2,000 people were buried in the landslide which occurred early Friday, sharply higher than the U.N. figure of 670 possible deaths, and some local officials’ much lower estimates.

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A U.N. official told Global News Tuesday it was using the 2,000 figure until it can gather more information.

'Complicated' relief effort

The relief operation was extraordinarily complicated, said Nicholas Booth, resident representative at the United Nations Development Programme, with the terrain continuing to move.

“It means that now, the area that’s been affected by the landslide is greater than it was at the beginning. We don’t know how it will develop, but that’s the nature of the geology in PNG,” he said.

IOM’s Itayi Viriri said that aid teams were having to proceed cautiously to prevent “another disaster.”

“We still have water underneath the rubble so that is making the whole area quite uneven so it ensures all response efforts have to be done in a very careful manner,” he told a Geneva briefing.

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This May 27, 2024, satellite image provided by Maxar Technologies shows the recent landslide in the Enga region of northern Papua New Guinea that killed and wounded hundreds of people and buried part of the Yambali village. (Maxar Technologies via AP).
This May 27, 2024, satellite image provided by Maxar Technologies shows the recent landslide in the Enga region of northern Papua New Guinea that killed hundreds of people and buried part of the Yambali village. (Maxar Technologies via AP).

A long-running tribal conflict has made it harder for aid workers to access the site, Booth said. Eight people were killed and 30 houses torched in fighting on Saturday.

A total of 150 structures were estimated to have been buried by the landslide.

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The U.N. said on Tuesday that immediate needs included clean water, food, clothing, shelter items, kitchen utensils, medicine and hygiene kits and psychosocial support.

Provincial authorities have requested the international community to send engineers to carry out a geohazard assessment, the U.N. said in a statement.

Canada’s International Development Minister Ahmed Hussen told Global News on Tuesday the government was standing by to assist with anything required.

“We are in touch with our international trusted partners on the ground to better understand the needs of those who are affected,” he said. “And then once we get that information, we will be able to respond in a very effective and impactful way.

“This is a big, big, impactful landslide. Hundreds of people were killed. And it’s affecting the environment as well, the infrastructure. So we’ll do whatever we can together with our partners.”

The differing fatality estimates reflect the difficulty in getting an accurate population count. The nation’s last credible census was in 2000 and a 2022 voter roll does not include those under 18.

The U.N. said 42 per cent of the 7,849 people believed to be affected are under 16 years old. About 1,650 people are displaced, the agency said, many of them due to the ongoing tribal conflict.

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Casualty estimates should be treated with “great caution” for the near future, Booth said.

“Most people remain trapped under that rubble and it’s just not possible at this stage to make a very scientific, verified estimate,” he said. “But it’s going to be a very high number of casualties. We have to be prepared for that.”

—With additional files from Global News

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